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Fluoridation of Drinking Water: When, Where and Why?

The effects of fluoride on teeth were discovered in the 1930s. It has been reported by dentists that individuals who naturally drink fluoridated water have fewer caries problems.

Societies began to put additional fluoride in their drinking water in 1945. Fluoridation is set at 0.7 and 1.2 (one per million) ppm of the natural fluoride ratio in the water. in 1945, drinking water started to be fluoridated for the first time. as a result of a 15-year study, fluoridation of waters has led to a 60% reduction in caries in children. Change in caries rates with fluoridation of drinking water throughout the country;

  • 30%-60% in children under 8 years of age
  • 20%-40% in children between the ages of 8-12
  • In older children and adults, deceleration was observed between 15% and 35%.

A low percentage of caries has returned as fewer tooth extractions, fewer fillings and lower costs.

An average of 500 million people use fluoridated water in 70 different countries. Despite this, some people oppose fluoridation. This group opposes fluoridation due to the restriction of their freedom of choice, while another group argues that fluoridation is not safe.

To date, it has been proven in many studies that fluoride reduces tooth decay. There are studies that show that the incidence of caries in societies that consume drinking water that is otherwise fluoridated does not vary by general, and the fact that it increases the risk of cancer increases the debate about systemic intake of fluoride? Therefore, in modern dentistry, instead of taking fluoride with drinking water, tropical applications and fluoride with toothpaste show the desired protective effect, question marks caused by storing fluoride taken with drinking water in the body for a long period of time can be eliminated in this way.

Q- Does My Child Need More Fluoride?

You can consult with your doctor to see if additional fluoride is needed for your child. Fluorine compounds can be used to increase the durability of teeth during riding of children who are in the group of high caries risk.

Effects of Excess Fluorine

With an excessive intake of fluoride, it appears as white dots or streaks on the tooth, called fluorosis. Severe fluorosis can cause dimples on the teeth, gray, black or brown discoloration. Sometimes formation disorders can also be observed in the enamel.

Like any prescription medication, fluoride tablets should be used according to the directives and stored out of the reach of children. Fluorine has a toxic effect at very high doses.



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President of Organ Transplant Center at MedicalPark Hospital Antalya

Turkey's world-renowned organ transplant specialist. Dr. Demirbaş has 104 international publications and 102 national publications.

Physician's Resume:

Born on August 7, 1963 in Çorum, Prof. Dr. Alper Demirbaş has been continuing his work as the President of MedicalPark Antalya Hospital Organ Transplantation Center since 2008.

Prof. who performed the first tissue incompatible kidney transplant in Turkey, the first blood type incompatible kidney transplant, the first kidney-pancreas transplant program and the first cadaveric donor and live donor liver transplant in Antalya. Dr. As of August 2016, Alper Demirbaş has performed 4900 kidney transplants, 500 liver transplants and 95 pancreas transplants.

In addition to being the chairman of 6 national congresses, he has also been an invited speaker at 12 international and 65 national scientific congresses. Dr. Alper Demirbaş was married and the father of 1 girl and 1 boy.


Eczacibasi Medical Award of 2002, Akdeniz University Service Award of 2005, Izder Medical Man of the Year Award of 2006, BÖHAK Medical Man of the Year Award of 2007, Sabah Mediterranean Newspaper Scientist of the Year Award of 2007, ANTIKAD Scientist of the Year Award of 2009, Social Ethics Association Award of 2010, Işık University Medical Man of the Year Award of 2015, VTV Antalya's Brand Value Award of 2015.


Doctor of Medicine Degree Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine Ankara, General Surgeon Ministry of Health Turkey EKFMG (0-477-343-8), University of Miami School of Medicine Member of Multiple Organ Transplant, ASTS Multiorgan Transplant Scholarship. Lecturer at Kyoto University. Lecturer at University of Essen, Research assistant at the University of Cambridge .

Professional Members:

American Society of Transplant Surgeons, American Transplantation Society Nominated, Middle East and Southern Africa Council Transplantation Society 2007, International Liver Transplantation Association, Turkish Transplantation Association, Turkish Society of Surgery, Turkish Hepatobiliary Surgery Association.


Our website contents consist of articles approved by our Web and Medical Editorial Board with the contributions of our physicians. Our contents are prepared only for informational purposes for public benefit. Be sure to consult your doctor for diagnosis and treatment.
Medically Reviewed by Professor Doctor Alper Demirbaş
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