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Gynecomastia in Istanbul hospital is a medical term of Greek origin that means “similar to female breast”. Although this strange named condition is rarely mentioned, it is actually quite a common condition. Gynecomastia affects an estimated 40% to 60% of men and can affect one breast or both breasts. Although it is known that many medications and medical conditions lead to the excessive development of male breasts, a certain cause cannot be found in most cases.

Men who think that their self-confidence depends on their appearance can benefit from this breast reduction operation. In this procedure, the excess breast and adipose tissue in the breasts are removed. In advanced cases, excess skin tissue is also removed, making the chest wall straighter, more masculine and better shaped.

If you are considering gynecomastia aesthetic surgery, this section will give you rough information about the procedure and meet your expectations about the result. It should be remembered that this section will naturally not be able to answer all your questions, as the characteristics will vary from person to person and each surgery is planned according to the person. Do not hesitate to ask your plastic surgeon questions about what you do not understand or are curious about the procedure!.

1- The most suitable candidates for gynecomastia aesthetic surgery…

Gynecomastia aesthetic surgery can be performed at any age in mentally stable and healthy men. The most ideal candidates for this operation are men with a hard and elastic skin structure that can adapt to the new shape that the body will take.

On the other hand, fat or overweight men who do not choose exercise or weight loss primarily in order to solve their problems may not be candidates for this operation. In addition, people who consume excessive amounts of alcohol and cannabis, as well as the growth effects of steroid anabolizers taken for muscle building on male breasts are well-known, they are not suitable candidates for surgical intervention. For this reason, such patients should stop using these substances in order to see if the operation will be a cure, and whether there is a decrease in breast fullness should be observed.

2- All operations carry some uncertainties and risks…

When gynecomastia aesthetic surgery is performed at the hands of a high-quality plastic surgeon, complications are usually very rare or minor. On the other hand, as with every surgical intervention, there are a number of risks. These risks can manifest themselves as infection, skin injury, excessive bleeding, reaction to anesthesia, and excessive fluid loss or accumulation. The surgical procedure may also cause significant scarring, noticeable color changes around the nipple, or a slight irregularity of the nipple and its surroundings. In cases where the asymmetry is very pronounced, a second operation may be required to Oct the additional tissue.

Gynecomastia aesthetics Another effect of the operation that passes over time may manifest itself in the form of decreased sensitivity and loss of sensation in the breast tissue, and it may take 1 year to return.

3- Planning of Your Surgery…

The first meeting you will have with your plastic surgeon is very important. It is recommended that you go prepared for the interview, as your plastic surgeon will want to know exactly your medical history. First, your plastic surgeon will examine your breasts and then perform an examination for causes that may cause gynecomastia, such as liver dysfunction, taking estrogen-containing medications, or anabolic steroids. If there is a suspected medical condition, your plastic surgeon will refer you to a relevant internal branch physician for preoperative investigation.

In very rare cases, your plastic surgeon may recommend an evaluation by mammography, lung film, or ultrasound. With these methods, breast cancer, which is very rare, will be ruled out and the structure of the breast will also be evaluated.

After your plastic surgeon has an idea about how much fat and breast tissue are in your breasts, he will determine the most suitable method of operation for you.

If you have any questions that come to mind, especially if you have reservations about the recommended treatment method or cost, discuss them with your plastic surgeon without hesitation at the first meeting. Gynecomastia aesthetics operation can be covered by your health insurance, but it would be appropriate to get information from your insurance company before the operation.

4- Preparation for the operation…

During the preparation for the operation, your Plastic Surgeon will give you a special set of recommendations for avoiding food and drinks and some vitamin preparations and medications. Taking these recommendations into account will positively affect your recovery during and after surgery.

Smokers are advised to quit smoking for two weeks before and after the operation. Smoking negatively affects blood circulation and wound healing. Therefore, it is in your most best interest to strictly follow the recommendations of your plastic surgeon.

5- Anesthesia to be applied in gynecomastia aesthetics surgery…

Although most gynecomastia aesthetic surgeries are performed under general anesthesia, which allows you to sleep completely during the operation, they can be performed under a combination of local anesthesia and sedation. Thanks to this combination, if you are awake but relaxed despite a slight discomfort and a feeling of touch, but the area where the operation is performed will be completely devoid of pain and a sense of pain. Your plastic surgeon will enlighten you about why the recommended anesthesia method was chosen.

6- Surgical Procedure…

If the main cause of breast growth is an excess of breast tissue, these tissues will be removed with the help of a scalpel. This procedure can be performed alone or together with fat absorption (liposuction) procedure. In a typical gynecomastia aesthetic surgery, skin incisions (incisions) are made from the dark colored part around the nipple or from areas where scars will not be visible, such as the armpit area. With the help of these incisions, your plastic surgeon will remove the excess breast and adipose tissue along with the surrounding excess skin (if necessary). In cases where a serious amount of skin and tissue needs to be removed, it may be necessary to extend the scars to the visible places. When the fat absorption method is applied to remove excess adipose tissue, cannulas are usually inserted through existing incisions.

If the cause of gynecomastia is due to an excessive amount of adipose tissue, your plastic surgeon will probably prefer the fat absorption method. This procedure is performed with small skin incisions from the dark area surrounding the nipple or a half-delusion made from the armpit. Hollow tubes called cannulas connected to a vacuum pump are inserted through skin incisions and the fatty tissue is broken down and absorbed by strong and regular movements made by the plastic surgeon under the skin tissue. If patients are not under general anesthesia, they usually feel no pain, although they feel light touch and pushing.

In cases where excess fat and breast tissue need to be removed, the skin on the newly created breast may not adapt to the new shape. In this case, excess skin may need to be removed to firmly adapt to the new breast tissue shape.

In some cases, hollow hoses attached to the end of a balloon called a drain, which are used to remove excess fluid accumulation, are inserted with the help of another skin incision. After the skin incisions are closed with the help of surgical sutures, they are usually closed with the help of a dressing. It can be tightly bandaged to apply pressure on the chest wall.

7- After the operation…

Regardless of which of the fat absorption or incision methods your operation was performed with, it is quite normal to feel discomfort for a few days after the operation. However, thanks to the medications that your plastic surgeon will give, you can easily get rid of these feelings. Just as a precaution, it is recommended to arrange for a person who will take you home after the operation and who can accompany you for a day or two.

It is normal to have some swelling and bruising on your breasts where you have undergone surgery, or even doubt that there is an improvement. In order to reduce the swelling, it is recommended to use an elastic bandage that applies pressure constantly during the first few weeks and only at night for the next few weeks. Although a prominent part of the swelling disappears in the first 1 month, it may take 3 months or longer for the effects of the operation to be fully seen.

8- Return to Normality…

It is also important that you return to your normal activities. You will be able to walk on the evening of the operation day and you will be able to return to work in a few days whenever you feel well. All your stitches will be completely removed in the first or second week after surgery.

Your plastic surgeon will recommend that you avoid sexual activity for one or two weeks and heavy exercise for three weeks. You should stay away from jobs and sports that carry the risk of getting a blow to the chest area for at least 4 weeks. It will usually take a 4-week period for you to return to your normal activities.

It is recommended to protect your scars from the sun for at least 6 months after the operation. The sun’s rays can permanently affect the discoloration of the skin and cause your scars to remain sheep-colored. If you absolutely need to go out in the sun, you should use sunblok (sunscreens that completely protect from the sun’s rays).

9- Your new look…

Gynecomastia aesthetics operation can improve your appearance and increase your self-confidence, but it may not be enough to change to your ideal image! It is recommended that you determine your expectations well and discuss them with your plastic surgeon before deciding on surgery.

Turkey Medicals Co-ordinator, “The result of the surgery is a smiling face and permanent. As long as your expectations are realistic, your chances of being satisfied with the operation will increase.”



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President of Organ Transplant Center at MedicalPark Hospital Antalya

Turkey's world-renowned organ transplant specialist. Dr. Demirbaş has 104 international publications and 102 national publications.

Physician's Resume:

Born on August 7, 1963 in Çorum, Prof. Dr. Alper Demirbaş has been continuing his work as the President of MedicalPark Antalya Hospital Organ Transplantation Center since 2008.

Prof. who performed the first tissue incompatible kidney transplant in Turkey, the first blood type incompatible kidney transplant, the first kidney-pancreas transplant program and the first cadaveric donor and live donor liver transplant in Antalya. Dr. As of August 2016, Alper Demirbaş has performed 4900 kidney transplants, 500 liver transplants and 95 pancreas transplants.

In addition to being the chairman of 6 national congresses, he has also been an invited speaker at 12 international and 65 national scientific congresses. Dr. Alper Demirbaş was married and the father of 1 girl and 1 boy.


Eczacibasi Medical Award of 2002, Akdeniz University Service Award of 2005, Izder Medical Man of the Year Award of 2006, BÖHAK Medical Man of the Year Award of 2007, Sabah Mediterranean Newspaper Scientist of the Year Award of 2007, ANTIKAD Scientist of the Year Award of 2009, Social Ethics Association Award of 2010, Işık University Medical Man of the Year Award of 2015, VTV Antalya's Brand Value Award of 2015.


Doctor of Medicine Degree Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine Ankara, General Surgeon Ministry of Health Turkey EKFMG (0-477-343-8), University of Miami School of Medicine Member of Multiple Organ Transplant, ASTS Multiorgan Transplant Scholarship. Lecturer at Kyoto University. Lecturer at University of Essen, Research assistant at the University of Cambridge .

Professional Members:

American Society of Transplant Surgeons, American Transplantation Society Nominated, Middle East and Southern Africa Council Transplantation Society 2007, International Liver Transplantation Association, Turkish Transplantation Association, Turkish Society of Surgery, Turkish Hepatobiliary Surgery Association.


Our website contents consist of articles approved by our Web and Medical Editorial Board with the contributions of our physicians. Our contents are prepared only for informational purposes for public benefit. Be sure to consult your doctor for diagnosis and treatment.
Medically Reviewed by Professor Doctor Alper Demirbaş
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