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Insulin is a hormone secreted from beta cells in the pancreas and involved in the regulation of carbohydrate metabolism in our body. It allows glucose (sugar), which is the main source of energy for the human body, to enter the cells. Insulin resistance also occurs when the body is unable to use insulin. So what is Insulin resistance, why does it happen? Recommendations for nutrition against insulin resistance.

Turkey Medicals member and Antalya Dietitian gave detailed information about the subject.

What is insulin resistance?

In general, insulin resistance can be defined as “The body’s inability to use the insulin it produces”. In people with insulin resistance, the liver, fat, and muscle cells of people with insulin resistance cannot respond adequately to insulin muscle and their blood sugar levels continue to rise. As a result of this condition, the release of insulin from the pancreas reflexively increases in order to lower the sugar level. The important point here is not the amount of insulin in the body, but its effectiveness is reduced. Thus, insulin resistance is formed.

How to tell if there is insulin resistance or not?

After 8-10 hours of fasting, the blood sugar taken and the fasting insulin level multiplied by each other, divided by 405, and the level of insulin resistance called HOMA-IR appears. If the result is above 2.5, it means that the person has insulin resistance.

What causes insulin resistance?

There are many factors in the formation of insulin resistance. Some of them are obesity, smoking, genetic predisposition, malnutrition in the womb, sedentary life, vitamin D deficiency and aging.

Recommendations for nutrition against insulin resistance

If a person with insulin resistance is not at an ideal body weight, specialist support should be sought. With the wrong diet during weight loss, you are likely to aggravate this resistance.

Firstly, the most important factor is portion control. First of all, start the meal with a small portion, and then you can increase it if necessary. Since individuals with insulin resistance will experience a state of instant hunger, you should pay attention to portion control throughout the day.

Consuming a carbohydrate-containing food alone during your Dec meals will not help keep your blood sugar in balance for a long time. In addition, you can consume milk and dairy products or foods such as walnuts, hazelnuts, almonds.

You should use your bread preference in favor of whole wheat or rye.

You should use your rice preference in favor of bulgur.

You should reduce table sugar and ready-made foods containing simple sugars to a minimum as much as possible.

To increase the content of pulp (fiber), you can consume fruits with peel and include dried legumes on your table 2-3 times a week.

Within a day, you should consume at least 2.5 liters of water.

You should have your evening meal at the earliest possible time.


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President of Organ Transplant Center at MedicalPark Hospital Antalya

Turkey's world-renowned organ transplant specialist. Dr. Demirbaş has 104 international publications and 102 national publications.

Physician's Resume:

Born on August 7, 1963 in Çorum, Prof. Dr. Alper Demirbaş has been continuing his work as the President of MedicalPark Antalya Hospital Organ Transplantation Center since 2008.

Prof. who performed the first tissue incompatible kidney transplant in Turkey, the first blood type incompatible kidney transplant, the first kidney-pancreas transplant program and the first cadaveric donor and live donor liver transplant in Antalya. Dr. As of August 2016, Alper Demirbaş has performed 4900 kidney transplants, 500 liver transplants and 95 pancreas transplants.

In addition to being the chairman of 6 national congresses, he has also been an invited speaker at 12 international and 65 national scientific congresses. Dr. Alper Demirbaş was married and the father of 1 girl and 1 boy.


Eczacibasi Medical Award of 2002, Akdeniz University Service Award of 2005, Izder Medical Man of the Year Award of 2006, BÖHAK Medical Man of the Year Award of 2007, Sabah Mediterranean Newspaper Scientist of the Year Award of 2007, ANTIKAD Scientist of the Year Award of 2009, Social Ethics Association Award of 2010, Işık University Medical Man of the Year Award of 2015, VTV Antalya's Brand Value Award of 2015.


Doctor of Medicine Degree Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine Ankara, General Surgeon Ministry of Health Turkey EKFMG (0-477-343-8), University of Miami School of Medicine Member of Multiple Organ Transplant, ASTS Multiorgan Transplant Scholarship. Lecturer at Kyoto University. Lecturer at University of Essen, Research assistant at the University of Cambridge .

Professional Members:

American Society of Transplant Surgeons, American Transplantation Society Nominated, Middle East and Southern Africa Council Transplantation Society 2007, International Liver Transplantation Association, Turkish Transplantation Association, Turkish Society of Surgery, Turkish Hepatobiliary Surgery Association.


Our website contents consist of articles approved by our Web and Medical Editorial Board with the contributions of our physicians. Our contents are prepared only for informational purposes for public benefit. Be sure to consult your doctor for diagnosis and treatment.
Medically Reviewed by Professor Doctor Alper Demirbaş
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