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What did Kastın mean to Moni? Where do the names of cities in Turkey come from? Here are 81 interesting stories from each other.

Have you ever thought about where the names of the 81 provinces in Turkey come from? Everyone wonders where the meaning of the name of their city comes from. They all have a lot of interesting meanings from each other. But there is one of them that it is not clear where its name came from. Here are the names of the cities.

Everyone wonders where the historical meaning of the name of their Turkish city comes from. Here are the meanings of the names of each province…


In Islamic sources, the name of Ankara is referred to as Enguru. According to some, the word Ankara is derived from Engür, which means “Grape” in Persian, or “Aguirada”, which means Grove in Greek. It is suggested that some of them are derived from ankaba, which means “Bend” in Indo-European languages, or uncus, which means hook, from ankaba, which means “Bend” or Sankskrit. In the Phrygian language Ank means “hilly, mixed terrain.” Other names of the city; Ankyra, Ankura, Ankuria, Angur, Engürülü, Engürüyü, Angare, Angera, Ancora, Ancora and finally Ankara have taken the form of.


Adıyaman was founded in the early days in the place of Piran Village and bears the name of Perre. Later, the Umayyads built a fortress here. The city also began to be called by the name of “Hisn Mansur”, which means Mansur’s Fortress. Kent, 1. When Selim was taken in time, the Turks started calling him Adiyaman here.


The word “Hisar” is often used in Afyon folk songs. It is not without reason that this word hisar is often repeated in Opium folk songs “the bodies of the fortress and those who are gone”. The city, formerly called Akroenos, was captured by the Seljuks after a long siege. “Hisar” means siege. They called the place “Karahisar”, which was obtained by suffering, and there they built a fortress out of black stones. When opium began to be grown in the region in the sixteenth century, Opium was added to the head of Karahisar and the city received the name “Afyonkarahisar”.


It is believed that the name of the city derives from Paleokastio, which means old fortress. According to a rumor circulating among the people, it means a lot of honey. Because Fraction means a lot in Arabic.


According to the historian Strabo, the Amazonian black Amasis founded the city of Amasya and gave it the name “Amasesia”, which means the city of Amasis.


It takes its name from the “Ararat” mountain within its borders. In very ancient times, the earth was subjected to a terrible flood.(The Flood of Noah) The prophet Noah took a couple of all the living beings and put them on a ship. Ship Cudi (According to Islamic sources) (according to Christian sources, it was also placed on the mountain of Ararat – Ağrı). Ararat received the name aran first, and then Ağrı.


B.C. ll.century it was founded in the XII century by Attalos ll, a Pergamon native. The city received its name from its founder and was called Attaleia. Later on, this name changed to the form of Adalia, Antalia, and most recently Antalya.


There is no exact information obtained about who founded Adana and how. However, according to a rumor transmitted by Etien of Byzantium, the sons of Uranus, Adanos and Saros, fought with Tarsus and captured this place. Of these, Adanos named the city (Adana) after the river (Seyhan) in Saros.


It was founded by the Scythians on the steep slopes of Mount Kildiyet. According to a common belief, the name Artvin comes from the name of the Scythian ruler who founded the city. The word was first said in the form of Artvani, then Artvini, and over time it turned into Artvin.


It was first founded by Argos. He received it from one of the Anatolian beys, Aydınoğlu Mehmet bey. Aydın is the name of Mehmet Bey’s father.


During the Byzantine era, there was a castle called Bilekoma here. Osman Bey gave this name as Bilecik when he bought this place.


This name was given to him because of the many lakes here.


According to some historians, it is derived from the words “Bagesh” or “Pagish”. According to some, the commander of Alexander the Great, “Lis” or “Badlis”, built a fortress here. The word Bitlis originated from the name of this commander.


Previously, Bithynion was called Claudiopolis during the Roman period. When the Turks took this place, they shortened the word Claudiopolis and called it just the police. Later, this also changed in the vernacular and became Bolu.


Its old name is Askaniya. It takes its name from the lake Burdur, which is located next to it.


It is the capital of the ancient Bithynia region. This place was named after its founder, king Prusias of Bithynia. (BC:ll.century)


It is the largest and provincial center of the cities and towns on the Bosphorus connecting the Marmara and Aegean seas. It is located on the eastern shore of the strait and in its narrowest place. The shape of the sea here resembles a dish in the same way. This is where he gets his current name.


It was founded in the early ages at the foot of the “Gangra” castle. Çankırı, which got its name from Gangra castle, was called Çangırı and Çengiri until recently.


According to the rumor, it is derived from the word Plurum. This is due to the fact that the majority of Greeks lived in the region at the time.


It was formed from the combination of the words Deniz-ili. Il means country, hometown in old Turkish. In other words, it is called the hometown of the sea.According to another rumor, the origin of the word is pig-province. This is also due to the large number of pigs in the region.


Since it was founded by emperor Hadrian during the Roman era, the city takes the name of “Hadrianopolis”. This word, which means the city of Hadrian, was later changed and became Edirne.


Means the land of copper. The source of this name is Diyar-ı Bakir. It means the hometown of Bakr. The reason for this is Bekir B. It is due to the fact that the Arab nomad boy named Va’il settled here. The old name of Diyarbakir is Amid or Amed. It means incoming or ours. In the book Dede Korkut, Amid was also called Hamid.


It was founded in 1834 in a place called Mezra.in 1862, the name “Mamuretulaziz” was given to this place in honor of the then Sultan Abdulaziz. The people who found this name long shortened it to Elaziz. he was translated to Elazig in 1937.


It takes its name from the Erzincan plain. It is said by the people that he is oppressed. The old name of this place is Eriza.


It comes from the Greek word Ardi. In other words, it means Greek soil. According to another rumor, the Seljuks called it Erzen-Rum. Erzen means millet. The town was used as a granary at that time.


The old name is Doylaion. in 1080, the Turks captured this place. in 1175, Byzantium took this place back. When Kılıçarslan took this city back later, he gave it the name of the Old City, which means “Our old City”.


The old name of the city is Ayintab. The meaning of the word means the eye of the spring. The public has changed it to Antep. When the People fought a successful war against the French in the war of Independence, he was awarded the title of Veteran by a law passed on February 6, 1921.


The question of where the city was founded and by whom it was inhabited is controversial. This hesitation M.He. it is also included in sources dating back to 350 years. The geographer Strabo focused on the fact that the city he called Farnakia was founded where the present-day city of Giresun is located. The Roman administrator Arrien Farnakia stated that his old name was Kerasus and wrote that this place was founded by the Sinopians.


Since there were silver mines here before, this city was called Gümüşhane.


The word Hakkari has passed from Kurdish to our language. According to this rumor, the essence of the word is “Snow-in” and it has received the prefix “Her”. In Kurdish, “Kar-in” means “can” and describes the state of human power. Therefore, the word “Hakkari” has the meaning of “always strong, always able to”.


Europeans used to call the north of China “Hitay” (“Kitay” in Russian). Semi-nomadic Turkic tribes bearing the name “Hitaylar” 10. in the XVIII century, they invaded Manchuria and the north of China, and the name of this place remained “Hitay”.Atatürk believed that the “Hitaylar” had also come to Anatolia. That is why he gave the name Hatay to Antioch, which he considered a “40-century-old Turkish homeland”.


After Alexander the Great became King (M.He. 356 – 323) The West of Anatolia came under Greek rule. Even after Alexander’s death, this region remained dependent on Athens for another 36 years.During these years, the Greeks of Athens began to migrate to the West of Anatolia with the Ispartans who lived on the Peloponnese peninsula. A large community came from the Ispartans of the Peloponnese Peninsula; they settled in the city of Isparta. They also called the city Isparta of their own country.


The reason why Mersin is called Mersin is because there used to be a tribe called MERSINLI near the current City of Mersin. This tribe is one of the tribes from Turkestan. There are seven or eight other villages in Anatolia with the name of MERSIN, which was named after the name of the Turkish Carving of this name Mersin.


B.C. 658 since it was founded by king Byzas of Megara, this city has been called Byzantium because of its founder. During the reign of the Roman emperor Marcus Avrelius, he was called “Antion” after the emperor’s spiritual father. When the Byzantine Emperor Constantine rebuilt this city, he gave it his own name. The city was called “Constantine or Constantinople”. The Arabs called it “Kostantiniye, the Romans called it Constantinople”. Later, the shortened form of this name, the idiom “Stin-polis”, was used. Here Istanbul is derived from this “Stin-Polis” city. When the Turks bought this place, they called it “Islambol” in the sense of a Muslim city. But later it was renamed Istanbul.


The real name of the city is “Smyrna”. The word Izmir is the name of smyrna among the people. In the Homeric epics, this city takes its name from Smyra, the daughter of the King of Cyprus Kinyras, and the goddess Artemis is from Izmir. According to some sources, it was the Amazons, not the Hittites, who first founded the city of Izmir. (The Hittites also called it Navlühun.


The city was called kars because of the Karsak carving that settled here in 130-127 BC. The meaning of the word Kars means a belt of a dress or shawl made of camel or sheep’s wool.


The old name of the city is “Tumana”. Later, a tribe called Gas-Gas settled here. Here it was formed from the merger of Kastamonu Gas and Tuman. According to a rumor: Moni, the daughter of a Byzantine tekfur, who fell in love with a Turkish commander during the siege of the city’s castle and gave him the keys to the castle, is thrown down from the castle by tekfur, and at that time the Turks say, “What was you between to Moni?” says. It is said that this saying changed from Kastamoni to Kastamonu over time.


When the Romans took the city called Mazaka, they called it Kaysarea. So it means the city of the Emperor. Later, it spread to the people as Kayseri.


The name Kırklareli comes from the 40 warriors who have incorporated the lands into our structure, these warriors, known as madmen or raiders, take over the castle, but they lose their lives in this land by the collective stubbornness of the Byzantines, who knew in advance that they would not be able to get out of here.


It was formed from the combination of the words Kır and Kent.


It was called Kocaeli because of the commander named Akçakoca who conquered this region during the reign of Orhan gazi.


St. John of the Christian saints in the years 47-50 and 53 before Jesus. Paul visited this place, and the city developed as an important religious center. Therefore, the Christians called him the “iconium”, which means “the depiction of Jesus”. When the Abbasids took this place, they turned it into “Kuniye”. The Turks changed this name to Konya.


The Phrygians called it “Katyasium or Katiation”. Later, local people called it Kütahya.


During the Hittites, the name of this place was “Meliddu”. It was renamed Malatya by the people.


It comes from the Greek Magnesia. When the Turks took this place, they changed the name of the city to Manisa.


Maraş was founded by the famous commander “Maraj” during the Hittite period. This city, which the Assyrians called “Markasi” and the Romans called “Germanikya”, was called “Mer’ash” or “Reashe” when the Islamic armies conquered it, and “Marash” after the Turks conquered it. “Mer’ash” means “trembling place”. The Nile Valley, Lake Lot, Amik Plain, Maras are the inter-zel Decele region. For this reason, it is said that it is called Mer’ash.


The name Mardin is rumored to come from Marde in Syriac. The Romans called it “Maride”, and the Arabs called it “Mardin”. According to another rumor, it was said that it came from the word Mer-din in Kurdish, that is, a man, a valiant man.


The old name is “Mobolla”. The Turks called it Mugla later.


According to one rumor, it means a lot of water in Syriac, according to another rumor, it came from the founder of the city, “Mush”.


Until the eighteenth century, the city was a village, and its name was “Mushkara”. Later, the Nevsehir Groom Ibrahim Pasha developed his village and named it Nevsehir in the sense of a new city.


Since there was a tribe called Nagdos people in the region in the early ages, they gave their name to this city. Arab sources have called the city “Nekide or Nikde”. The people named the city Niğde.


The old name is “Kotyora”. This name has been changed by the public.


It is believed that it is a word of Caucasian origin..


It takes its name from the Sakarya river passing through its borders.


The old name is “Amisos”. The name Samsun is a popular name of this word.


It is said that the name Siirt comes from the Chaldean origin and means city. According to another legend, it is a corrupted form of the word Harsh.


The name Sinop comes from a Greek Goddess named Sinope. The previous name of the city is Sinope.


There are different opinions about the origin of the name Sivas used today. Among them, the name ‘Sebaste’ Sebasteia in ancient Greek (the City of Augustus), Pitodoris, the lady of Polemon, king of Pontus has been awarded by. The Romans had left the administration of the city in the Kingdom of Pont when they took the Kingdom of Pont under their rule. It is believed that the lady of the King of Pont, on the other hand, gave the name “Sebaste”, which means the city of Ogust in Greek, to win the love of the Roman King Augustus and be an expression of gratitude and loyalty to him.


It got its name from the Tekirdağ along the coast.


It was formerly called “Komana Pontika”. The name of the slap is a Decongested form of the name Pontika.


Comes from the word “trapezus”. It means four corners.


Due to the fact that some mineral deposits have been found here, the city has been called Tunceli. In other words, it means the bronze age.


The old name is “Orhoe orhai”. Later it was translated by the Arabs into “R”. According to another rumor, it comes from the Kurdish language and means the sun. The city was founded by the Babylonian ruler Ramis-Nemrut.


This is the pronunciation of the name of a child or teenager from the vernacular. According to some rumors, it has been said that the word butler (sung with a moon) comes from the word love.


The Assyrian queen Semiramis founded Van. Because of this, the city was called “Shahmirankent”. Later, during the reign of the Persians, a governor named Van came here, and since he made the city public, the city was named after him. According to another rumor: Evliya Celebi says in her travelogue that Alexander the Great was inspired by a temple called Vank in Van Castle and gave it the name Van.


There are various rumors about the origin of the name Yozgat. yozgat means herd or pasture town. bozok plateau has been an important place in the development of animal husbandry since time immemorial.Yozkent means a city with an abundance of herds. it is suggested that this name was later changed to yozgat.


The fact that the city center is located at the mouth of Üzülmez Creek and the creek was called “Sandra” in the first age proves that this name turned into Zonguldak over time due to the fact that the settlement established here also bears the name “Sandaraca”.


Seljuk Sultan Izzettin Kılıçarslan built a mosque, a madrasa, kumbets and a large and white palace in the city. Şelir “Aksaray” got its name from this white house.


According to available sources, the medieval name of the town was “Paypert” or “Pepert”. The name Bayburt comes from here.


His first name is Laranda. His name in the Seljuks and Ottomans was Larende. Since it was the capital of the Karamanids, this place was later called Karaman.


It is said that it arose from the shortening and merging of Kırıkköyü and Kaletepe located in the center of the city. Although it is widely believed that this name is called by the people, the name of the region is mentioned as “Kırıkkal” in Ottoman archival documents. Hearing that the raiders are attacking, the Byzantine castle commander orders all the barrels full of gunpowder to be blown up when they fall into defeat, as a matter of fact, it happens as he thinks, and everything is destroyed along with the barrels.the name of the city refers to the heroism and identity of the Martyrs.


The name Batman has been used since the Middle Ages and has come across as a name that integrates with Batman Tea.


Şırnak was founded with the name Şehr-i Nuh in the north of the Cudi Mountain, which is supposed to be the remains of Noah’s Ark, and was named Şerneh at first and Şırnak in later years.


The source of the name that has changed from “Parthenia” to Bartın is “Parthenios”. Parthenios, the ancient name of the Bartın river, is one of the children of Okenaus and the “God of Waters” in Greek mythology. It means “the god of waters or the Magnificent flowing water”. Another meaning is “Choral folk songs for Young Virgins or Teenage Girls”… If it is “Young Virgin”, then it is an epithet of the goddess Athena.


The name father of Ardahan is Georgian. The name Ardahan comes from the Georgian Ardana.


The name of Igdir comes from “Igdir Beg”, the eldest son of Cengiz Alp, one of the six sons of the Inner-Oguzlar-Three-Arrow branch and Oguz Khan, who is considered the 21st of the 24 Oguz tribes. This neck is the first head and neck “Iğdır Beğ”. The meaning of Iğdır as a word means “good, great, valiant president, famous and owner”, and according to Yazıcıoğlu and Resid-Ud-Din, it means “good, great, bahadır”.


It is seen that the name Kilis bears the same name as a city called Cyrrhus in Pellada in Upper Mesopotamia and was mentioned as Kilis castle in Ottoman sources. The pronunciation of this word is “Kiris” and has a great similarity in phonetics to the word “Kilis”. In the Grant Dictionier, he also writes Cyrrhus as “Kiris”, which means “Master”. Most likely 8. century. it was also called Kiris, Kilis by the Turkmens who came to the region, and its present location was called Kilis.


Although various claims have been made about where the name of Yalova came from, the most accepted one is that it came from the name “Yalakabad”, which was given to the region that included the districts of Çiftlikköy and Çınarcık during the Ottoman period, starting from the district of Çiftlikköy. It is documented that this place was called Yali Plain after Yalakabad, that the Great Leader Atatürk, who often came to Yalova from the proclamation of the republic until his death, wrote and signed the letters written here by Yali Plain after making history. It is believed that the words yali and ova, which passed into Turkish from Greek as Yali, merged and remained Yalova.The name of the resort “Katyrli” in Yalova is Esenköy, and the name of the neighborhood connected to the resort of Teşvikiye, which has been called “Dungeon” for many years since there was a prison in the past, has been changed to Upper Teşvikiye.


Karabük is a Republican city. A village of the town of Safranbolu oglebeli the 13-digit Karabük quarter, 1935, the Ankara-Zonguldak railway with the opening of today, a name that should be given to where the station is a 13-digit Karabük mahallesi station was named.


The name of Osmaniye comes from a different source, Otman in Arabic.


There is no record of where his name came from.


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President of Organ Transplant Center at MedicalPark Hospital Antalya

Turkey's world-renowned organ transplant specialist. Dr. Demirbaş has 104 international publications and 102 national publications.

Physician's Resume:

Born on August 7, 1963 in Çorum, Prof. Dr. Alper Demirbaş has been continuing his work as the President of MedicalPark Antalya Hospital Organ Transplantation Center since 2008.

Prof. who performed the first tissue incompatible kidney transplant in Turkey, the first blood type incompatible kidney transplant, the first kidney-pancreas transplant program and the first cadaveric donor and live donor liver transplant in Antalya. Dr. As of August 2016, Alper Demirbaş has performed 4900 kidney transplants, 500 liver transplants and 95 pancreas transplants.

In addition to being the chairman of 6 national congresses, he has also been an invited speaker at 12 international and 65 national scientific congresses. Dr. Alper Demirbaş was married and the father of 1 girl and 1 boy.


Eczacibasi Medical Award of 2002, Akdeniz University Service Award of 2005, Izder Medical Man of the Year Award of 2006, BÖHAK Medical Man of the Year Award of 2007, Sabah Mediterranean Newspaper Scientist of the Year Award of 2007, ANTIKAD Scientist of the Year Award of 2009, Social Ethics Association Award of 2010, Işık University Medical Man of the Year Award of 2015, VTV Antalya's Brand Value Award of 2015.


Doctor of Medicine Degree Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine Ankara, General Surgeon Ministry of Health Turkey EKFMG (0-477-343-8), University of Miami School of Medicine Member of Multiple Organ Transplant, ASTS Multiorgan Transplant Scholarship. Lecturer at Kyoto University. Lecturer at University of Essen, Research assistant at the University of Cambridge .

Professional Members:

American Society of Transplant Surgeons, American Transplantation Society Nominated, Middle East and Southern Africa Council Transplantation Society 2007, International Liver Transplantation Association, Turkish Transplantation Association, Turkish Society of Surgery, Turkish Hepatobiliary Surgery Association.


Our website contents consist of articles approved by our Web and Medical Editorial Board with the contributions of our physicians. Our contents are prepared only for informational purposes for public benefit. Be sure to consult your doctor for diagnosis and treatment.
Medically Reviewed by Professor Doctor Alper Demirbaş
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