WHAT IS LYMPHOMA? WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF LYMPHOMA?

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WHAT IS LYMPHOMA? WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF LYMPHOMA?

Lymphoma is urs of the immune system. All urs that occur in the lymph nodes and consist of lymphocytes are called lymphoma. The first symptom is a painless swelling that often occurs in the neck. Here are what is lymphoma, what are the symptoms and what is curious about its treatment.

Lymphomas are indicated to be ur, which is involved in the immune system. These urs come out in the lymph nodes, and they manifest themselves with swelling of these nodes. Significant improvements have been made not only in the underlying causes and processes of lymphomas, but also in their survival. Currently, there is a suitable treatment method in Antalya and Istanbul Turkey for every patient with non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma.

These urls come out in the lymph nodes, and they manifest themselves with swelling of these nodes. Lymphomas are closely related to leukemia; in one person, two conditions can be seen together, or there can be one alone without the other. There are many types of lymphomas, and along with leukemias, they are all collected under the name of blood cancers.

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WHAT IS LYMPHOMA?

Lymphoma is a type of cancer formed by lymphocytes. It is a common name given to a malignant tumor of lymph tissue. Cancer occurs either when normal cells multiply rapidly or live longer than normal lymphocytes. Malignant lymphoid cells also multiply in the lymph node, spleen, bone marrow, blood, and other organs, just like normal lymphocytes. Lymphoma is divided into two large groups called Hodgkin’s lymphoma and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma.

In 1832, Thomas Hodgkin made the first definition of lymphoma and explained the disease Hodgkin’s lymphoma, which he named after himself. In 1982, authorities divided lymphomas into Hodgkin’s lymphoma and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. There are 16 different types of lymphoma under the roof of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. But since these 16 types of lymphoma also show great differences among themselves, the definition of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma has ceased to be the correct approach, but instead remains only a common name.

Some types of lymphomas are long-term and can progress with the least symptoms (for example, small lymphocytic lymphoma), and do not cause life expectancy to decrease. But at the other end of this spectrum, there are also lymphomas that develop very quickly and progress rapidly (Burkitt’s lymphoma). Because of this, it is very important to make the correct diagnosis of the disease by pathologists, which affects the method of survival and the expected course.

It is very important that a team of pathologists, oncologists and doctors responsible for irradiation work on patients with lymphoma in a very taught way, and do so co-guided.

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IS THERE A CURE FOR LYMPHOMA?

In the diagnosis of lymphoma, first, the patient’s history should be taken, and then a biopsy should be performed from a certain size of lymph node to make a diagnosis. If possible, the entire lymph node should be subjected to pathological examination. During diagnosis, various tests should be performed to determine the prevalence of the disease. These include biochemical tests and imaging methods and bone marrow biopsy.

Treatment of lymphoma is determined by the type of disease. While a “wait and see” policy is possible in slow-moving forms, the disease should be controlled with aggressive type chemotherapy.

Bone marrow transplantation is one of the treatment alternatives to be decided by looking at the type of disease, response to treatment, and recurrence conditions. A bone marrow transplant can be performed from the person himself or from a relative or non-relative donor, depending on the type and condition of the disease. Lymphoma is a type of cancer that can be treated, although the treatment process is long and difficult in today’s conditions.

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WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF LYMPHOMA?

The first complaint is to notice a painless swelling that often occurs in the neck. In Hodgkin’s lymphoma, this swelling is located on the collarbone, especially on the left. There may also be growth in areas of the lymph nodes in the armpits and groin. In a small number of patients, lymph node growth is common. There may also be growth in the lymph nodes inside the rib cage or inside the abdominal cavity. If they create large masses that will be the cause of pressure, they lead to complaints such as shortness of breath, swelling of the face and neck or swelling of the abdomen, mass coming to the hand, abdominal pain.

A physical examination can determine the size of the liver or spleen. The disease can also hold tissues other than the lymph node. Lung, liver, bone, and bone marrow involvement are the most common non-lymph node involvement sites. The presence of non-lymph node involvement is called extranodal disease. Initially, there may be extranodal involvement in 5 to 10% of cases. In some patients, there may be signs that occur due to lymphoma and are evaluated as systemic symptoms. These include fever, night sweats, weight loss of more than 10% of body weight in the last 6 months. The cause of fever is not an infection. Systemic symptoms are not specific to these diseases. It can also be itching in Hodgkin’s lymphoma. In Hodgkin’s lymphoma, the patient may express pain in enlarged lymph nodes when drinking alcohol. Involvement of the tonsils is more common in non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. A small proportion of patients with lymphoma do not have enlarged lymphadenomegaly on physical examination.
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President of Organ Transplant Center at MedicalPark Hospital Antalya

Turkey's world-renowned organ transplant specialist. Dr. Demirbaş has 104 international publications and 102 national publications.

Physician's Resume:

Born on August 7, 1963 in Çorum, Prof. Dr. Alper Demirbaş has been continuing his work as the President of MedicalPark Antalya Hospital Organ Transplantation Center since 2008.

Prof. who performed the first tissue incompatible kidney transplant in Turkey, the first blood type incompatible kidney transplant, the first kidney-pancreas transplant program and the first cadaveric donor and live donor liver transplant in Antalya. Dr. As of August 2016, Alper Demirbaş has performed 4900 kidney transplants, 500 liver transplants and 95 pancreas transplants.

In addition to being the chairman of 6 national congresses, he has also been an invited speaker at 12 international and 65 national scientific congresses. Dr. Alper Demirbaş was married and the father of 1 girl and 1 boy.

Awards:

Eczacibasi Medical Award of 2002, Akdeniz University Service Award of 2005, Izder Medical Man of the Year Award of 2006, BÖHAK Medical Man of the Year Award of 2007, Sabah Mediterranean Newspaper Scientist of the Year Award of 2007, ANTIKAD Scientist of the Year Award of 2009, Social Ethics Association Award of 2010, Işık University Medical Man of the Year Award of 2015, VTV Antalya's Brand Value Award of 2015.

Certificates:

Doctor of Medicine Degree Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine Ankara, General Surgeon Ministry of Health Turkey EKFMG (0-477-343-8), University of Miami School of Medicine Member of Multiple Organ Transplant, ASTS Multiorgan Transplant Scholarship. Lecturer at Kyoto University. Lecturer at University of Essen, Research assistant at the University of Cambridge .

Professional Members:

American Society of Transplant Surgeons, American Transplantation Society Nominated, Middle East and Southern Africa Council Transplantation Society 2007, International Liver Transplantation Association, Turkish Transplantation Association, Turkish Society of Surgery, Turkish Hepatobiliary Surgery Association.

Disclaimer:

Our website contents consist of articles approved by our Web and Medical Editorial Board with the contributions of our physicians. Our contents are prepared only for informational purposes for public benefit. Be sure to consult your doctor for diagnosis and treatment.
Medically Reviewed by Professor Doctor Alper Demirbaş
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