In modern medical applications, the aim is to take the necessary measures by detecting preventable diseases in advance and to ensure that the individual lives a healthy life. Especially solid child follow-up for children is extremely important for monitoring growth and development. With the laboratory tests that are part of these follow-ups, various diseases, disabilities, growth and development retardation that may develop can be detected early and the necessary measures can be taken.

Laboratory tests in Turkey that should be performed routinely from infancy :

1- Blood group determination

It should be done immediately after birth.

2- Congenital metabolic disease screening test

It is performed after 48-72 hours (within 10 days at the latest). Tests for phenylketonuria, congenital hypothyroidism and biotidinase deficiency, which are the most common congenital metabolic diseases in our country, are mandatory. These tests, known as intelligence tests among the public, are performed free of charge at the hospital where the birth was performed and at family health centers. It is important that the child has started feeding in order for these tests to be performed. Because metabolic diseases occur with nutrition. A few drops of blood taken from the heel are used for the test. In cases where the test is positive, the family is informed, appropriate treatment for the disease, dietary regulation are provided and measures are taken to prevent the occurrence of progressive disorders. In addition, other metabolic diseases can also be diagnosed with this heel blood.

3- Measurement of bilirubin levels in the blood

Tests measuring the level of bilirubin in the blood may need to be performed due to jaundice, which is often observed during the newborn period.

4- Complete blood test and measurement of blood iron level

A complete blood test and blood iron level measurement should be performed for iron deficiency anemia, which may occur monthly. If anemia is detected, further examinations may be required. It should also be repeated once a year after the age of 2. A complete blood test can be a stimulant for many important diseases, such as anemia, as well as infection, leukemia.

5- Routine biochemistry tests

After the age of 2, routine biochemistry tests should also be performed once a year.

6- Urinalysis

Again, a complete urinalysis should definitely be performed at the age of 1 for screening purposes, at the age of 5 and at the beginning of adolescence. If a urinary tract infection is detected, it is important to conduct a urine culture. In this way, the detected urinary tract infection is treated and advanced disorders that may occur in the kidneys are prevented.

7- Blood cholesterol and lipid level measurement

Cholesterol and lipid levels should be checked 1 time a year after the age of 2 in children with coronary heart disease in their family. If total cholesterol is above 200 mg/dl, further tests should be performed and the child should be monitored and his diet, activity, lifestyle should be regulated.

8- Hepatitis Tests

Immunity and vaccination status should be checked by conducting HBsAg and Anti-HBs tests, even if the hepatitis vaccine has been given in the preschool period, during the newborn period. According to the result, a repeat vaccination may be required.

9- Parasite search in the stool

Parasite search in the stool during the preschool period is also one of the tests to be performed.

10- Blood sugar and hormone measurement

Blood sugar levels should be measured in overweight children in terms of diabetes, and hormone levels that may affect growth in children with growth retardation.



Follow me
President of Organ Transplant Center at MedicalPark Hospital Antalya

Turkey's world-renowned organ transplant specialist. Dr. Demirbaş has 104 international publications and 102 national publications.

Physician's Resume:

Born on August 7, 1963 in Çorum, Prof. Dr. Alper Demirbaş has been continuing his work as the President of MedicalPark Antalya Hospital Organ Transplantation Center since 2008.

Prof. who performed the first tissue incompatible kidney transplant in Turkey, the first blood type incompatible kidney transplant, the first kidney-pancreas transplant program and the first cadaveric donor and live donor liver transplant in Antalya. Dr. As of August 2016, Alper Demirbaş has performed 4900 kidney transplants, 500 liver transplants and 95 pancreas transplants.

In addition to being the chairman of 6 national congresses, he has also been an invited speaker at 12 international and 65 national scientific congresses. Dr. Alper Demirbaş was married and the father of 1 girl and 1 boy.


Eczacibasi Medical Award of 2002, Akdeniz University Service Award of 2005, Izder Medical Man of the Year Award of 2006, BÖHAK Medical Man of the Year Award of 2007, Sabah Mediterranean Newspaper Scientist of the Year Award of 2007, ANTIKAD Scientist of the Year Award of 2009, Social Ethics Association Award of 2010, Işık University Medical Man of the Year Award of 2015, VTV Antalya's Brand Value Award of 2015.


Doctor of Medicine Degree Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine Ankara, General Surgeon Ministry of Health Turkey EKFMG (0-477-343-8), University of Miami School of Medicine Member of Multiple Organ Transplant, ASTS Multiorgan Transplant Scholarship. Lecturer at Kyoto University. Lecturer at University of Essen, Research assistant at the University of Cambridge .

Professional Members:

American Society of Transplant Surgeons, American Transplantation Society Nominated, Middle East and Southern Africa Council Transplantation Society 2007, International Liver Transplantation Association, Turkish Transplantation Association, Turkish Society of Surgery, Turkish Hepatobiliary Surgery Association.


Our website contents consist of articles approved by our Web and Medical Editorial Board with the contributions of our physicians. Our contents are prepared only for informational purposes for public benefit. Be sure to consult your doctor for diagnosis and treatment.
Medically Reviewed by Professor Doctor Alper Demirbaş
Follow me