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How to do smear test in Antalya and Istanbul hospital Turkey: a smear test that all women should do with regular periods can also be popularly called a PAP test or a Pap smear test in Turkey. This test is performed to evaluate the cervix and is screening test. Especially in the name of early diagnosis of cervical cancer, the answer to the questions of how to do the smear test and why it must be done regularly must be known to every woman.

How Is A Smear Test Taken?

As known body tissues constantly regenerate themselves, and cell rashes occur during this regeneration process. Examination of cell debris with the help of a microscope is called cytological examination, i.e. cellular examination. A Smear test is also one of the cellular examination tests. At this point, the question of how to conduct a smear test also becomes important. This test, which has now become part of Turkey gynecological examination in hospitals, is carried out in the form of taking samples from the cervix.

First, let’s answer the question of how to do the smear test in Turkey, which is an extremely painless and easy procedure. A sample is taken from the cervix with the help of a special apparatus, and thus the sample required for testing is collected. This test is not one of the tests performed by taking a blood sample or urine sample. Cell rashes need to be removed from the cervix, and the patient does not feel any pain at this time. For this reason, there is no need to worry about how to do a smear test.

Why Is A Smear Test Important?

Among the most common cancers in women, cervical cancer is next. However, looking at the causes of death, cervical cancer 10. we see that he is next. However, knowledge of issues such as how to conduct a smear test or what is its importance can prevent deaths caused by cervical cancer thanks to early diagnosis.

Early diagnosis is important for all diseases, but it becomes much more important when it comes to cancer. For this reason, it is necessary to know why the smear test is performed, as well as the question of how to do the smear test. This test, which is performed to screen for cervical cancer, is extremely important for early diagnosis. Early diagnosis in cancer types saves lives, and all women need to have this test regularly.

Because we explained how to do the smear test and gave the information that no pain was felt during the sample. A sample can be taken in just a few minutes during a gynecological examination, without even the need for any anesthesia, and this sample is examined in a laboratory environment.

What Are The Causes Of Cervical Cancer?

Although research is usually conducted in the form of a smear test, it is also necessary to focus on the causes of cervical cancer. There are many factors that increase the risk of cervical cancer. These include decapitation before the age of 21, smoking, polygamy and having given birth more than 3. In addition, starting to use birth control pills together at an early age and using them for a long time is also one of the factors that trigger cervical cancer.

It is not enough to know the answer to the question of how to do the smear test, which is an extremely simple test, and why. It is also very important to have this test regularly and not to neglect gynecological examinations. Although the risk factors we are talking about are not present in the person, even a weak immune system can trigger cervical cancer.

How To Interpret A Smear Test Result?

Of course, how to do a smear test and how to interpret the result are among the elements that everyone is curious about. The Test result is interpreted by the Bethesta system. If an abnormal cell is not seen in the test, the result is interpreted as negative. If precancerous or cancerous cells appear, they are interpreted as abnormal results, and in this case, treatment should be planned. Usually infection treatment, colposcopy, biopsy are recommended. You can get more detailed information from your doctor not only about how to perform a simir test, but also about pathological assessments.

Does a Smear test give definitive results?

First, it is worth noting that, like many medical tests and examinations, the smear test also has its share of errors. For this reason, it is recommended to repeat the test regularly. Although it is usually focused on how to conduct a smear test, it is important to remember that the interpretation of the results of the test is just as important.

The fact that there is a share of error in Test results should not lead to thoughts that they do not give accurate results or cannot be trusted. Because we can point out that the margin of error is extremely low. Because, as we have passed on how to do a smear test, taking a simple prefix is enough for this test to be performed. And there’s no harm in repeating the test.

What’s a genie? How Is The Diagnosis Made?

Cervical cancer screening is as important as the question of how to make a smear test. Especially if atypical cells are detected, sometimes the test may need to be repeated again after a while. You may encounter CIN-1, CIN-2, and CIN-3 concepts in Test results. CIN is the abbreviated form of the phrase Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia. Because, as we mentioned about how to do the smear test, if the CIN-1 result is obtained as a result of examining cells in the laboratory, it is recommended to do the test again after 3 to 4 months.

As a result of CIN-2 or CIN-3, a tissue sample is taken and examined by the patient’S LEEP procedure. An extremely small tissue removal is sufficient for pathological examination. So you don’t have to worry about how to do a smear test or take a tissue sample with LEEP. Let us inform you that it is not a difficult or painful procedure for the patient.

What Is Kotest?

In gynecological examinations, it is also possible to perform the HPV test at the same time as the smear test. Kotest means that these two tests are performed simultaneously. For some patients, the question of how to conduct a smear test can be as important as the question of how to conduct an HPV test. Kotest can be applied to patients who are at risk, as it is of great importance in the early diagnosis of HPV and cervical cancer.

Because in the case of early diagnosis of HPV types, it is also possible to prevent it without turning into cervical cancer. For this reason, it is very important not to neglect these tests as well as how to do the simir test in order to prevent cervical cancer.

When Is Kotest Done?

Studies have found the presence of the HPV virus in a very high proportion, such as 99.9% of patients with cervical cancer. For this reason, it is necessary to have information about the HPV virus along with how to do a smear test. HPV-DNA testing is also recommended to be performed with a smear test every 5 years in people with the HPV virus. Because the answer to the question of why kotest is done is as important as the question of how to do the simir test.

Kotest becomes more important when the presence of the HPV virus is detected in a person. It is recommended that this test be performed with certain periods. Obstetricians and Gynecologists emphasize the importance of HPV-DNA tests along with smear testing at every opportunity. In particular, the fact that the smear test is regularly performed by every woman is an issue that should be taken seriously.


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President of Organ Transplant Center at MedicalPark Hospital Antalya

Turkey's world-renowned organ transplant specialist. Dr. Demirbaş has 104 international publications and 102 national publications.

Physician's Resume:

Born on August 7, 1963 in Çorum, Prof. Dr. Alper Demirbaş has been continuing his work as the President of MedicalPark Antalya Hospital Organ Transplantation Center since 2008.

Prof. who performed the first tissue incompatible kidney transplant in Turkey, the first blood type incompatible kidney transplant, the first kidney-pancreas transplant program and the first cadaveric donor and live donor liver transplant in Antalya. Dr. As of August 2016, Alper Demirbaş has performed 4900 kidney transplants, 500 liver transplants and 95 pancreas transplants.

In addition to being the chairman of 6 national congresses, he has also been an invited speaker at 12 international and 65 national scientific congresses. Dr. Alper Demirbaş was married and the father of 1 girl and 1 boy.


Eczacibasi Medical Award of 2002, Akdeniz University Service Award of 2005, Izder Medical Man of the Year Award of 2006, BÖHAK Medical Man of the Year Award of 2007, Sabah Mediterranean Newspaper Scientist of the Year Award of 2007, ANTIKAD Scientist of the Year Award of 2009, Social Ethics Association Award of 2010, Işık University Medical Man of the Year Award of 2015, VTV Antalya's Brand Value Award of 2015.


Doctor of Medicine Degree Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine Ankara, General Surgeon Ministry of Health Turkey EKFMG (0-477-343-8), University of Miami School of Medicine Member of Multiple Organ Transplant, ASTS Multiorgan Transplant Scholarship. Lecturer at Kyoto University. Lecturer at University of Essen, Research assistant at the University of Cambridge .

Professional Members:

American Society of Transplant Surgeons, American Transplantation Society Nominated, Middle East and Southern Africa Council Transplantation Society 2007, International Liver Transplantation Association, Turkish Transplantation Association, Turkish Society of Surgery, Turkish Hepatobiliary Surgery Association.


Our website contents consist of articles approved by our Web and Medical Editorial Board with the contributions of our physicians. Our contents are prepared only for informational purposes for public benefit. Be sure to consult your doctor for diagnosis and treatment.
Medically Reviewed by Professor Doctor Alper Demirbaş
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