It is observed that the number of people who start sports for the purpose of healthy living is increasing every day in our country. Undoubtedly, the share of people of all ages being directed to sports by physicians in almost all medical branches is great in this. But does sports done to be healthy bring health? Or does he take as much or even more as he brings?

Of course, these questions do not question the relationship between sports and health. It is aimed to draw attention to sports injuries. Yes, sports done to be healthy can also bring many health problems after. So why is this happening? How can it be prevented from happening like this?

1- First of all, when we decide to do sports, we need to confirm whether our health condition is suitable for this. Especially if we are going to do brisk or contact and team sports, we should definitely undergo a health screening once a year.

2- We should choose the sports branch that is suitable for our physical characteristics. This means that we must take into account our muscle strength, joint range of motion, flexibility, previous injuries, age and gender. These can also be called personal factors that cause disability when they are not taken into account.

3- We should do this sport on the appropriate ground, using the appropriate materials, after the appropriate warm-up period, with the appropriate technique, in compliance with the rules. Again, when these are not taken into account, they can be called external factors that cause disability.

4- In case of an injury, appropriate intervention should be provided.

Conditions such as running on rough, stony ground, for example, or playing football on fields with synthetic carpet floors, especially on unsuitable floors, often cause injuries. It will be more convenient to run on routes reserved for running or even on tracks instead of running on broken ground by getting off and off on sidewalks for running and getting into traffic. In the same way, it will be useful to do football training with suitable and comfortable shoes, to prefer grass courts for the match and suitable cleats for these fields. Especially in indoor sports, care should be taken that the floor is not wet and slippery.

One of the most important ways to prevent injury is to start doing sports or training with warm-up movements. This time should not be less than 15 minutes. It can be up to 20 percent of the training time. Warming up should first be started with stretching exercises. Then straight running can be done. Sports-specific movements should also be performed during training. Finally, cooling down should be done with straight running or stretching exercises. During the cooling-off period, related sports-specific movements can also be performed. The cooling-off period should also be at least 10 minutes.

What are the most common sports injuries?

Sports injuries are most often seen in the form of cruciate ligament injuries, ankle ligament injuries, tendon injuries accompanied by muscle strains, meniscus and cartilage injuries. These injuries are affected by advancing age, training discipline and gender. For example, anterior cruciate ligament tear is more common in women due to the structure of the ligament.

How is an injury seen in which sport?

Depending on the type of sport performed, the injury areas may vary:

• Walking and jogging should be done on flat floors. Going up and down the hill leads to damage, especially to the kneecap bone.

• Carpet field is observed in the form of ligament and Achilles tendon injuries in the ankle, ligament injury in the knees and meniscus tear in matches.

• It is seen in the form of shoulder, ankle and knee injuries in those who play basketball and volleyball.

• In those who play tennis, wrist, elbow and ankle problems are common, especially Aschill tendon problems.

What should we do at the time of injury?

Sports injuries that occur should be properly intervened and referred to the hospital quickly. First of all, the thing that should not be taken out of mind is that hot application and massage will never be done. After that, it will be to make an elevation to the injured area of the patient so that it is above the heart level and to apply cold to the injured area for 15 minutes every 2 hours. We can also wrap it with an elastic bandage to compress the area.

As a result, taking into account the above personal and environmental factors, the appropriate sport branch will add health to our life if it is done with the appropriate warm-up program.

Orthopedics and Traumatology Specialists Assist. Assoc. Dr.
Istanbul Aydın University VM Medical Park Hospital Turkey



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President of Organ Transplant Center at MedicalPark Hospital Antalya

Turkey's world-renowned organ transplant specialist. Dr. Demirbaş has 104 international publications and 102 national publications.

Physician's Resume:

Born on August 7, 1963 in Çorum, Prof. Dr. Alper Demirbaş has been continuing his work as the President of MedicalPark Antalya Hospital Organ Transplantation Center since 2008.

Prof. who performed the first tissue incompatible kidney transplant in Turkey, the first blood type incompatible kidney transplant, the first kidney-pancreas transplant program and the first cadaveric donor and live donor liver transplant in Antalya. Dr. As of August 2016, Alper Demirbaş has performed 4900 kidney transplants, 500 liver transplants and 95 pancreas transplants.

In addition to being the chairman of 6 national congresses, he has also been an invited speaker at 12 international and 65 national scientific congresses. Dr. Alper Demirbaş was married and the father of 1 girl and 1 boy.


Eczacibasi Medical Award of 2002, Akdeniz University Service Award of 2005, Izder Medical Man of the Year Award of 2006, BÖHAK Medical Man of the Year Award of 2007, Sabah Mediterranean Newspaper Scientist of the Year Award of 2007, ANTIKAD Scientist of the Year Award of 2009, Social Ethics Association Award of 2010, Işık University Medical Man of the Year Award of 2015, VTV Antalya's Brand Value Award of 2015.


Doctor of Medicine Degree Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine Ankara, General Surgeon Ministry of Health Turkey EKFMG (0-477-343-8), University of Miami School of Medicine Member of Multiple Organ Transplant, ASTS Multiorgan Transplant Scholarship. Lecturer at Kyoto University. Lecturer at University of Essen, Research assistant at the University of Cambridge .

Professional Members:

American Society of Transplant Surgeons, American Transplantation Society Nominated, Middle East and Southern Africa Council Transplantation Society 2007, International Liver Transplantation Association, Turkish Transplantation Association, Turkish Society of Surgery, Turkish Hepatobiliary Surgery Association.


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Medically Reviewed by Professor Doctor Alper Demirbaş
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