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The mistake that takes millions of lives! It is seen in those who eat cheese and hamburgers

MedicalPark Istanbul Hospital, Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology Specialist Dr. who said that diarrheal diseases are the most common infectious diseases in the world and in our country in the summer. he told about 7 effective ways to protect yourself from summer diarrhea.

The extreme temperatures of summer consume almost everyone’s energy, while some bacteria and viruses easily find the opportunity to reproduce. Especially dirty hands and dirty water, poorly cleaned foods and kitchen utensils used without following hygiene rules get into people’s stomach and intestinal tract and cause summer diarrhea. Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology Specialist Dr. “At the beginning of the most common infectious diseases encountered in the world and in our country in summer, diarrheal diseases, that is, acute gastroenteritis, come. Diarrheal diseases are infections caused by bacteria, viruses or parasites in the gastrointestinal tract and occur with symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, cramping abdominal pain and high fever,” he says.

Summer diarrhea can lead to mild illness lasting two to three days, serious illnesses such as blurred consciousness, kidney failure, persistent hypotension and arrhythmia (heart rhythm disorder), said Dr., says that about 1 million 300 thousand people worldwide lose their lives due to diarrhea every year. For this reason, in summer diarrhea; if the frequency of defecation is more than three times a day, if this condition lasts longer than 48 hours, fever or severe vomiting with diarrhea, if there is a stool with blood/ mucus or rice washed water, if the amount of urine has decreased, or if the urine color becomes dark like tea later in the day, it is necessary to contact a health institution without wasting time. Infectious Diseases Specialist Dr. he explained the 5 important factors that lead to summer diarrhea, made important warnings and suggestions about ways of prevention.

Types of escherichia coli

Escherichia coli (ETEC), which is most commonly encountered during the summer season and associated with travel, is responsible for about 20 to 30 percent of diarrhea attacks in developing countries. A typical feature of diarrhea caused by this bacterium, the incubation period of which is 12-48 hours, is that it does not contain watery, mucus and blood, diarrhea is accompanied by abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting. There is usually no fire. The frequency of diarrhea varies between 3-10 per day. The disease, which can be caused by some foods such as cheese, hamburgers, seafood and sausages, usually resolves on its own within 3-5 days, but rarely lasts longer than a week.

Types of salmonella

Meat products are usually responsible for the transmission of Salmonella, which has 2,500 subtypes. Poultry, eggs, vegetables and greens contaminated with dirty water, milk, milk powder also play a role in transmission. Fever is rarely observed. Infectious Diseases Specialist Dr., emphasizing that indiscriminate use of antibiotics should be avoided, “Not every case is treated with antibiotics. Antibiotic regimens may be required only in special patient groups. For this reason, the use of antibiotics should be avoided unless the doctor recommends it,” he says.


It is a factor of bacillary dysentery, which does not cause disease except in humans. Different types of mild symptoms can lead to an infection similar to dysentery, which can be followed by severe thirst and death. Raw salads, pastas with sauce, contaminated with human feces, contaminated water mixed with sewage are a source of disease. Hand washing after toilet and before preparing food; chlorination of water sources, fighting flies and other pests are important. Antibiotic therapy and liquid-electrolyte replacement should be performed.

Vibrio cholerae

Cholera caused by a bacterium called ’Vibrio cholerae’ is accompanied by severe watery diarrhea, said Dr. Semra Kavas says: “Severe watery diarrhea and severe thirst are typical. It is usually seen in the summer season. It is transmitted by water and water-borne products. The incubation period is on average 3-4 days. Fever and abdominal pain are not expected signs. While the stool is initially watery and brown in color, it soon turns into the shape described as rice water. Cholera is more severe in children and the elderly. The most serious complication is kidney failure. Fluid and electrolyte treatment is very important. Antibiotic treatment reduces the duration of the disease and volume loss.”


While the incidence is increasing worldwide, especially in children, it is also encountered in adults due to its very easy transmission. It can spread rapidly in kindergartens, nursing homes, holiday places, schools and camps, leading to an epidemic. It starts with nausea and vomiting, and then diarrhea develops rapidly. It may be accompanied by weakness with November headaches and muscle aches. Although the disease lasts for 3-4 days, its transmission can last for 2 weeks. Hands should be washed before meals, after contact with feces and vomit or around the patient. Replacing the fluid deficit in the treatment, following the diarrhea diet and probiotics provide benefits.

7 effective ways to protect yourself from summer diarrhea

Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology Specialist Dr. lists 7 suggestions that will protect from summer diarrhea as follows:

1- Hand washing is one of the most effective methods to prevent the spread of diseases. For this reason, hands should be washed frequently.

2- A reliable drinking water supply should definitely be used. Vegetables and fruits should definitely not be washed with waters that are not sure of their cleanliness.

3- In order to protect against the risk of transmission of diarrheal diseases, attention should be paid to the distance with sick people.

4- Raw or uncooked food sold in the open, unknown how it is prepared, waiting under the sun, especially in summer, should not be consumed.

5- Freshly prepared food should be preferred in places where hygiene is trusted when eating out.

6- During food preparation, knives and cutting boards should be separate for raw and cooked food.

7- Raw and marinated seafood should not be consumed.



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President of Organ Transplant Center at MedicalPark Hospital Antalya

Turkey's world-renowned organ transplant specialist. Dr. Demirbaş has 104 international publications and 102 national publications.

Physician's Resume:

Born on August 7, 1963 in Çorum, Prof. Dr. Alper Demirbaş has been continuing his work as the President of MedicalPark Antalya Hospital Organ Transplantation Center since 2008.

Prof. who performed the first tissue incompatible kidney transplant in Turkey, the first blood type incompatible kidney transplant, the first kidney-pancreas transplant program and the first cadaveric donor and live donor liver transplant in Antalya. Dr. As of August 2016, Alper Demirbaş has performed 4900 kidney transplants, 500 liver transplants and 95 pancreas transplants.

In addition to being the chairman of 6 national congresses, he has also been an invited speaker at 12 international and 65 national scientific congresses. Dr. Alper Demirbaş was married and the father of 1 girl and 1 boy.


Eczacibasi Medical Award of 2002, Akdeniz University Service Award of 2005, Izder Medical Man of the Year Award of 2006, BÖHAK Medical Man of the Year Award of 2007, Sabah Mediterranean Newspaper Scientist of the Year Award of 2007, ANTIKAD Scientist of the Year Award of 2009, Social Ethics Association Award of 2010, Işık University Medical Man of the Year Award of 2015, VTV Antalya's Brand Value Award of 2015.


Doctor of Medicine Degree Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine Ankara, General Surgeon Ministry of Health Turkey EKFMG (0-477-343-8), University of Miami School of Medicine Member of Multiple Organ Transplant, ASTS Multiorgan Transplant Scholarship. Lecturer at Kyoto University. Lecturer at University of Essen, Research assistant at the University of Cambridge .

Professional Members:

American Society of Transplant Surgeons, American Transplantation Society Nominated, Middle East and Southern Africa Council Transplantation Society 2007, International Liver Transplantation Association, Turkish Transplantation Association, Turkish Society of Surgery, Turkish Hepatobiliary Surgery Association.


Our website contents consist of articles approved by our Web and Medical Editorial Board with the contributions of our physicians. Our contents are prepared only for informational purposes for public benefit. Be sure to consult your doctor for diagnosis and treatment.
Medically Reviewed by Professor Doctor Alper Demirbaş
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