Reading time is 5 mins


The supply chain crisis, energy problems and climate events, as well as one of the events that caused high inflation worldwide in the last 2021, were the rising prices of raw materials. Raw materials such as oil, natural gas, coal became the products whose prices increased the most on commodity exchanges.

Turkey Medicals, in a statement to AA correspondent, “The world economy has left 2021 behind with high inflation, food problems, energy crises and supply chain problems. Because of all these problems, there have been large increases in the price of many commodities such as coffee, oil, oats, lithium.” was said.

2020, the year of the beginning of the pandemic, had been a year in which oil prices also experienced a serious decline. With the gradual reopening of the global economy in 2021, the demand for oil has increased and, accordingly, prices have also increased. The fact that the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) is slowly increasing production has led to a decrease in global inventories and accelerated price growth. The barrel of Brent crude oil peaked at $ 87 in 2021, while this was also the highest level in three years.


  • However, the 45 percent annual increase in oil prices remained weak compared to other energy sources. Natural gas and coal rose much faster than expected due to electricity demand from countries such as China and India. at the beginning of 2021, the growing demand for natural gas, especially from Asia, led to a major shortage of liquefied natural gas due to production cuts.
  • Problems in natural gas have also shifted from Asia to Europe. The decline in Europe’s natural gas stocks has been compounded by political tensions with Russia, Europe’s most important gas supplier. Therefore, the supply of natural gas could not reach the desired level. At the end of the year, the closure of some nuclear power plants by France and Germany almost sent gas prices skyrocketing. European natural gas prices are currently hovering near their October levels, which are seven times higher than at the beginning of 2021.
  • The fact that electricity producers have moved away from this source due to the increase in natural gas prices has also had a chain effect on the coal market.
  • According to data compiled by Business Insider from Trading Economics, commodities whose price increased significantly on commodity exchanges in 2021 were as follows:

Crude oil

– The annual price increase of crude oil, the price of which is $ 76.5 per barrel, is 57.75 percent.


– The price of this gas, which is usually used in tubes, increased to $ 1.14 per gallon (3.79 liters) and the annual increase was 60.6 percent.


– The annual price increase in gasoline was 60.7 percent. The price of gasoline per liter was also $ 2.27 per gallon.


– Coffee prices increased by 78.4 percent, affected by weather events in Brazil and supply shortages in Vietnam.


– Due to various weather events and climatic conditions, prices for oats have increased by more than 90 percent.


– The annual price increase in coal from $ 170 per ton was 111.3 percent.


– In particular, the price increase in Lithium, which is used in the production of batteries and batteries, set a record. Lithium prices increased by 477.7 percent in a year to $ 42 per kg.


  • In 2003, 87 kilos of bread, 71 liters of milk, a thousand eggs were bought for 100 TL, and today 11 kilos of bread, 14 liters of milk, and 66 eggs are only bought.
  • The purchasing power of the Turkish Lira, which has suffered record losses in the last few months, has declined significantly in 19 years.
  • With 100 TL in our pocket, we could buy 87 kilograms of bread in 2003, while today we can only buy 11 kilograms. In the intervening time, 76 kilograms of our bread have evaporated and decayed, our poverty is plus.
  • If the 100 TL in 2003 was increased at the rate of inflation, its present value would be equivalent to 583 TL. However, the purchasing power of 583 TL does not catch up with the 100 TL in 2003. So much so that today only 64 kilograms of bread can be bought for 583 TL.
  • According to our calculations based on the data of the Turkish Statistical Institute TURKSTAT, in 2003 the price of 1 kilogram of flour was 1TL 3 cents, and the weight of bread was 1 Turkish Lira 15 cents.
  • Today, the weight of bread is 9.1 TL, the price of flour is 6.6 lira in market compiled by TURKSTAT. in 2003, 100 TL could buy 97 kilograms of flour, while today it is accountable enough to buy just only less to 15 kilograms of flour.


How much does it cost to live in Turkey in the new year 2022? In 19 years, 9.5 kilograms of veal meat have been bought for 100 TL, which is enough for 1.5 kilograms today. 100 TL of milk taken from 71 liters is hardly enough to buy 14 liters of milk today. That year, the strength of 100 TL was enough to buy 32.5 kilos of chicken meat, 24 kilos of cheese or 20.3 kilos of olives, and today it is impossible to buy even 5 kilos of chicken meat. he feels lucky if he can buy 3 kilos of cheese or 3 kilos of olives going to the Turkish market with 100 TL.


The time value of money in Turkey refers to the difference in the same amount of money at a later date.

In November 2003 to November 2021, even Turkey consumer inflation, the credibility of which is questioned by the TURKSTAT, rose by 484 percent, the cost of living increased by 5.8 times.

During this time, salaries have also increased 2021 from 2.825 TL to 4.250 TL in 2022 but especially in the last 4-5 years, the rapid increase in prices has doubled the salary increases so much that people don’t have the courage to go to the market, the bazaar, the sunday.


2022 The meetings of the government and trade unions for the determination of the minimum wage, including the AGI, have ended. The new minimum wage in Turkey (which will come into force as of January 2022) was 5,004 TL gross and 4,250 TL net. Along with this increase, the Minimum Subsistence Allowance (AGI) amounts also increased.



Follow me
President of Organ Transplant Center at MedicalPark Hospital Antalya

Turkey's world-renowned organ transplant specialist. Dr. Demirbaş has 104 international publications and 102 national publications.

Physician's Resume:

Born on August 7, 1963 in Çorum, Prof. Dr. Alper Demirbaş has been continuing his work as the President of MedicalPark Antalya Hospital Organ Transplantation Center since 2008.

Prof. who performed the first tissue incompatible kidney transplant in Turkey, the first blood type incompatible kidney transplant, the first kidney-pancreas transplant program and the first cadaveric donor and live donor liver transplant in Antalya. Dr. As of August 2016, Alper Demirbaş has performed 4900 kidney transplants, 500 liver transplants and 95 pancreas transplants.

In addition to being the chairman of 6 national congresses, he has also been an invited speaker at 12 international and 65 national scientific congresses. Dr. Alper Demirbaş was married and the father of 1 girl and 1 boy.


Eczacibasi Medical Award of 2002, Akdeniz University Service Award of 2005, Izder Medical Man of the Year Award of 2006, BÖHAK Medical Man of the Year Award of 2007, Sabah Mediterranean Newspaper Scientist of the Year Award of 2007, ANTIKAD Scientist of the Year Award of 2009, Social Ethics Association Award of 2010, Işık University Medical Man of the Year Award of 2015, VTV Antalya's Brand Value Award of 2015.


Doctor of Medicine Degree Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine Ankara, General Surgeon Ministry of Health Turkey EKFMG (0-477-343-8), University of Miami School of Medicine Member of Multiple Organ Transplant, ASTS Multiorgan Transplant Scholarship. Lecturer at Kyoto University. Lecturer at University of Essen, Research assistant at the University of Cambridge .

Professional Members:

American Society of Transplant Surgeons, American Transplantation Society Nominated, Middle East and Southern Africa Council Transplantation Society 2007, International Liver Transplantation Association, Turkish Transplantation Association, Turkish Society of Surgery, Turkish Hepatobiliary Surgery Association.


Our website contents consist of articles approved by our Web and Medical Editorial Board with the contributions of our physicians. Our contents are prepared only for informational purposes for public benefit. Be sure to consult your doctor for diagnosis and treatment.
Medically Reviewed by Professor Doctor Alper Demirbaş
Follow me