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The blood flow in our body is maintained with great harmony. But  a disorder that occurs somewhere can cause the blood to go astray. During the movement of blood from the legs to the heart, the valves do not work well and come back, which increases the blood pressure inside the veins. Increased blood pressure also disrupts the vascular structure, leading to the formation of varicose veins. Varicose veins, which can occur in both women and men, lead to pain, burning, swelling of the ankles, itching and a feeling of fatigue. People who experience such symptoms should definitely be treated. In addition, it is also possible to protect against varicose veins by taking into account some special rules daily.

Turkey Medicals member and Ankara hospital Specialist in Cardiovascular Surgery, Dr. gives the following information about the ways to protect against varicose veins:

Apply cold water to your legs as soon as possible

Cold water causes the veins to contract in the balls, allowing the blood to return to the heart faster. Thus, the vein in the balls relaxes. Take a bath with as much warm water as possible. Also, before leaving the shower or bath, apply cold water, starting from the ankle and ending with the groin. Take a shower with cold water from your ankles to your knees as often as possible during the day.

Spend time at sea, not under the sun

Burying the legs in the sand and exposure to direct sunlight leads to the expansion of the vessels and the accumulation of blood in them. Therefore, rest more in the shade and spend as much time as possible in the sea. Moving in the water allows the veins in the balls to drain much easier and the legs to relax.

Avoid tight clothes

Never wear clothes that increase intra-abdominal pressure. Especially avoid wearing a corset. Tight clothing prevents the comfortable flow of blood trying to return from the legs to the heart, and this narrows the direction of flow. Therefore, give preference to baggy clothes.

Don’t tighten your belt too much

Do not over tighten the waist of your trousers and skirts and do not use too narrow belts. Over-the-knee tights, slips, underwear, tight pants and similar clothing also cause blood to collect under the area they are pressing on, which can lead to varicose veins over time.

Stay away from ballet shoes

Give preference to shoes that will not restrict the regular and rhythmic work of the ankle and calf muscle. Your shoes must have heels between 2 and 3 cm and should never be flat.

Do not use excessive spices in your meals

Improper nutrition can be effective in the development of varicose veins. Therefore, be careful with your diet and eat small amounts at between intervals. Include vegetable-heavy and high-fiber foods in your meals. Avoid excessively spicy, fermented foods, fiber-poor foods, coffee, alcohol, and cigarettes.

Drink 2 liters of water a day

Drinking water facilitates both the flow of blood and the excretion of waste substances accumulated in the body. Therefore, drink at least two liters of water a day.

Take 15 steps every half hour

Staying still for a long time, standing or sitting, provokes the formation of varicose veins. If you need to stay still by your profession, you must muscle your legs regularly to prevent blood from being deposited on the legs with the help of muscles. When your sitting time exceeds half an hour, walking for 10-15 steps regulates the circulation in the feet and legs. Always avoid movements such as throwing your legs over your legs, sitting cross-legged or squatting.

Your feet are 10 cm when you sleep. Let it be above

By taking advantage of gravity while sleeping at night, the accumulated blood in the feet and legs can be directed back to the body. For this, it is enough that the feet are a few inches above the level of the heart. Put a 10-centimeter elevation under the standing part of the bed. During the entire time spent in bed, the vein in the raised balls on the tip of the foot directs the blood flow to the heart under the influence of gravity in a completely effortless way. Considering that a third of the day is spent asleep, you will receive excellent treatment during the night.

Walk briskly or ride a bike

Rhythmic movements in the ankle and calf facilitate the return of blood and strengthen the calf muscle and, consequently, the leg pump. Breathing exercises such as deep breathing performed during this time also facilitate the return of blood. Take a walk or bike for 20 minutes at least twice a day.


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President of Organ Transplant Center at MedicalPark Hospital Antalya

Turkey's world-renowned organ transplant specialist. Dr. Demirbaş has 104 international publications and 102 national publications.

Physician's Resume:

Born on August 7, 1963 in Çorum, Prof. Dr. Alper Demirbaş has been continuing his work as the President of MedicalPark Antalya Hospital Organ Transplantation Center since 2008.

Prof. who performed the first tissue incompatible kidney transplant in Turkey, the first blood type incompatible kidney transplant, the first kidney-pancreas transplant program and the first cadaveric donor and live donor liver transplant in Antalya. Dr. As of August 2016, Alper Demirbaş has performed 4900 kidney transplants, 500 liver transplants and 95 pancreas transplants.

In addition to being the chairman of 6 national congresses, he has also been an invited speaker at 12 international and 65 national scientific congresses. Dr. Alper Demirbaş was married and the father of 1 girl and 1 boy.


Eczacibasi Medical Award of 2002, Akdeniz University Service Award of 2005, Izder Medical Man of the Year Award of 2006, BÖHAK Medical Man of the Year Award of 2007, Sabah Mediterranean Newspaper Scientist of the Year Award of 2007, ANTIKAD Scientist of the Year Award of 2009, Social Ethics Association Award of 2010, Işık University Medical Man of the Year Award of 2015, VTV Antalya's Brand Value Award of 2015.


Doctor of Medicine Degree Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine Ankara, General Surgeon Ministry of Health Turkey EKFMG (0-477-343-8), University of Miami School of Medicine Member of Multiple Organ Transplant, ASTS Multiorgan Transplant Scholarship. Lecturer at Kyoto University. Lecturer at University of Essen, Research assistant at the University of Cambridge .

Professional Members:

American Society of Transplant Surgeons, American Transplantation Society Nominated, Middle East and Southern Africa Council Transplantation Society 2007, International Liver Transplantation Association, Turkish Transplantation Association, Turkish Society of Surgery, Turkish Hepatobiliary Surgery Association.


Our website contents consist of articles approved by our Web and Medical Editorial Board with the contributions of our physicians. Our contents are prepared only for informational purposes for public benefit. Be sure to consult your doctor for diagnosis and treatment.
Medically Reviewed by Professor Doctor Alper Demirbaş
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