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WHAT ARE THE BEST WAYS TO PREVENT DIABETES?
Turkey iHealth member and Istanbul hospital Doctor explained 7 ways on how to reduce the risk at least. The expert in Endocrinology and Metabolic Diseases drew attention to the fact that death is common in people with diabetes who have contracted Covid-19.
According to a study, the incidence of diabetes in our society is 14 percent, and one in every 7 adults is diabetic. Moreover, one out of every two diabetics today is not aware of their disease. This is because the person does not feel sick at the beginning of the disease. Complaints such as dry mouth, drinking a lot of water, urinating at night are not ignored because it does not interfere with daily chores. Currently, every 8 seconds, a person dies due to organ damage caused by diabetes and diabetes. With the measures taken for the Covid-19 pandemic, we found ourselves in a much more sedentary life. The important point here is that people with diabetes who have contracted the coronavirus have an increased risk of severe course of the disease and more frequent deaths.
7 ways to reduce the risk of diabetes:
Instead of heavy and popular diets that have not been proven to have long-term benefits, sustainable healthy eating programs are recommended that are appropriate for a person’s eating habits and daily life. Simple carbohydrate foods, including sugary and doughy foods, should be avoided. Carbohydrate intake from whole grain cereals, fruit and vegetable groups should be ensured.
Moderate intensity activities such as walking, swimming, cycling, running, skipping rope should be done at least 3 days a week, provided that you are brisk. The duration of the exercise should not be less than 30 minutes per day and 150 minutes per week in total. There should be no more than 2 days rest between two exercises.
It is known that the risk of diabetes is reduced in obese or overweight people with a loss of 10 percent or more of their current weight. Although waist circumference measurements may show slight changes according to societies, it is defined as abdominal obesity of 90 cm and above in women and 100 cm and above in men. In people with a body mass index of 35 and above who have not achieved success with lifestyle changes and drug treatments, surgical treatment may be considered after multidisciplinary evaluation.
It is important to know that complaints of dry mouth, drinking a lot of water, urinating at night, overeating can be symptoms of high blood sugar levels and consult a doctor at an early stage by caring for these complaints to catch the disease at the prediabetes stage and stop the progression to diabetes. Blood sugar should be measured once a year.
A sugar test during pregnancy
It is reported that the risk of developing diabetes in women later in life is 70 percent. In order to be able to detect gestational diabetes in pregnant women who do not have obvious diabetes, it is necessary to determine the duration of pregnancy 24-28. it is recommended that a sugar loading test be performed during the week. Thanks to this test, the negative effects of high blood sugar on the baby and childbirth can be prevented, while it can be ensured that he takes forward-looking measures early.
The risk of developing diabetes can be reduced by 31 percent with medication in people whose fasting blood sugar is slightly above normal, but who have not yet developed diabetes. The risk of developing diabetes can be reduced with drugs that can cause a loss of 10 percent or more of the initial weight in obesity.
Some studies show that the lowest risk of developing diabetes is in those who regularly sleep 7-8 hours a day. People who sleep more or less often may have an increased risk of developing diabetes.