Radiology in dentistry is the most important section that allows the physician to make the correct diagnosis. The primary goal is to determine the patient’s complaint correctly.

In dentistry, radiology is the entrance door to dentistry, where the diagnosis of diseases in the oral, dental and maxillofacial region and the treatments to be performed are determined clinically and radiologically.

Dentistry is the branch of treatment planning of all patients with oral and dental health problems who examine diseases, anomalies, developmental defects of the oral cavity, teeth, gums and the surrounding tissues, investigate diagnostic and treatment criteria. The aim is to determine the source of the dental patient in Turkey, primary formed complaint. By considering the current condition of the patient as a whole, in this way, not only existing complaints can be detected, but also areas that may cause possible problems in the future, and the complaint can be directed to treatment without progression. In this way, preventive and preventive treatments to be applied with early detection will make the treatment both simpler and more economical by preventing larger problems that will occur in the future. It is aimed to detect and evaluate pathologies or anomalies, if any, with radiographs taken from the mouth, teeth and jaw area.


There are different types of X-rays used in Turkey dentistry. These are divided into two:

1- Intraoral (intraoral)

2- Out-of-mouth (extraoral)

Our biggest help in diagnosing oral cavity diseases, especially those related to hard tissue such as teeth and jawbone, is dental radiographs, i.e. dental films. The two most commonly used types of dental films are periapical (small films showing two to three teeth) and panoramic films (large films that can show all the upper and lower teeth and all the jaw bones). Digital radiography devices, which are a computer-aided technique, also allow us to make color and light plays on the film image using a very low radiation dose, allowing us to make detailed evaluations. In addition, MRI and CT are also films that may be requested as an aid, especially in implant applications and in the diagnosis of joint diseases.


Detection of laboratory radiological- pathological applications/methods that will lead to a diagnosis: Diagnostic data on the mouth are not always limited to dentistry. Some of the intraoral symptoms are systemic general and can be a harbinger of serious diseases. For example, bleeding gums can be a symptom of a tooth-related syndrome, as well as a symptom of serious diseases such as leukemia. Oral cancers occur at a rate of up to 5 percent among general cancer rates, and the dentist needs a good degree of diagnostic knowledge about the mouth for early detection.

Endodontics is a branch that deals with the treatment of root canals located in the teeth. Under the enamel and dentin layers of the tooth, there is a section called the pulp, where the vascular and nerve bundle that provides the vitality of the tooth is located. This section, called the pulp chamber in the crown of the tooth, extends to the end of the tooth roots. In case of inflammation of the pulp for any reason, it is necessary to remove the nerve of the tooth, sterilize the canals, and then fill them. Canal treatment is usually performed in one session for live teeth and in two sessions for teeth that have lost their vitality.


Canal treatment is performed under local anesthesia and no pain is felt. After canal treatment, especially after the treatment of live teeth, a bearable pain in the tooth for several days or pain may occur when the tooth is pressed on.

This is a normal pain that occurs after root canal treatment. With a little protection of the tooth undergoing root canal treatment, it disappears in a short time. For today, the success rate of canal treatments with the right treatment method reaches 90 percent.

In case of pain and sensitivity to cold and hot foods and drinks in the tooth, pain during eating; inflammation and the onset of inflammation can be mentioned. Again, excessive color changes occurring in the teeth can also be perceived as a sign of inflammation.

Possible complications after root canal treatment

A few days after the treatment, there may be pain in the tooth that has undergone root canal treatment. Be careful not to chew it with the treated part. If you have a lot of pain during contact when you close your mouth, your doctor may disconnect the tooth from contact with the opposite tooth. Painkillers or antibiotics prescribed by your Turkey doctor may be used to reduce pain.

Oxygen in the air when the canal is opened for root canal treatment can cause bacteria to settle here, and bacteria that multiply here cause inflammation and pain formation.

Bacteria can be pushed out of the root end during the filing of the dental canals. At the end of the tooth root, there is a small hole that allows the blood vessels to enter the tooth. Sometimes, during the canal treatment, the tissue surrounding the tooth can be reached through this small hole. In this case, the surrounding tissue becomes infected, it is also possible that it will become inflamed. It is possible to treat inflammation with painkillers and antibiotics.


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President of Organ Transplant Center at MedicalPark Hospital Antalya

Turkey's world-renowned organ transplant specialist. Dr. Demirbaş has 104 international publications and 102 national publications.

Physician's Resume:

Born on August 7, 1963 in Çorum, Prof. Dr. Alper Demirbaş has been continuing his work as the President of MedicalPark Antalya Hospital Organ Transplantation Center since 2008.

Prof. who performed the first tissue incompatible kidney transplant in Turkey, the first blood type incompatible kidney transplant, the first kidney-pancreas transplant program and the first cadaveric donor and live donor liver transplant in Antalya. Dr. As of August 2016, Alper Demirbaş has performed 4900 kidney transplants, 500 liver transplants and 95 pancreas transplants.

In addition to being the chairman of 6 national congresses, he has also been an invited speaker at 12 international and 65 national scientific congresses. Dr. Alper Demirbaş was married and the father of 1 girl and 1 boy.


Eczacibasi Medical Award of 2002, Akdeniz University Service Award of 2005, Izder Medical Man of the Year Award of 2006, BÖHAK Medical Man of the Year Award of 2007, Sabah Mediterranean Newspaper Scientist of the Year Award of 2007, ANTIKAD Scientist of the Year Award of 2009, Social Ethics Association Award of 2010, Işık University Medical Man of the Year Award of 2015, VTV Antalya's Brand Value Award of 2015.


Doctor of Medicine Degree Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine Ankara, General Surgeon Ministry of Health Turkey EKFMG (0-477-343-8), University of Miami School of Medicine Member of Multiple Organ Transplant, ASTS Multiorgan Transplant Scholarship. Lecturer at Kyoto University. Lecturer at University of Essen, Research assistant at the University of Cambridge .

Professional Members:

American Society of Transplant Surgeons, American Transplantation Society Nominated, Middle East and Southern Africa Council Transplantation Society 2007, International Liver Transplantation Association, Turkish Transplantation Association, Turkish Society of Surgery, Turkish Hepatobiliary Surgery Association.


Our website contents consist of articles approved by our Web and Medical Editorial Board with the contributions of our physicians. Our contents are prepared only for informational purposes for public benefit. Be sure to consult your doctor for diagnosis and treatment.
Medically Reviewed by Professor Doctor Alper Demirbaş
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