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An increase in the amount of ultraviolet light that we are exposed to, especially due to thinning of the ozone layer, increases the risk. Therefore, when we do not protect our eyes from the sun, health problems can develop that can lead to permanent vision loss. Using quality sunglasses, wearing a hat and not looking at the sun unprotected are among the most important measures that protect it from harmful ultraviolet rays. Turkey Medicals member and Eye Diseases Specialist Eye Doctor in Goz Hastanesi Turkey described 6 eye diseases that the sun’s rays create in our eyes.

1 – Corneal burn. Intense sunlight causes damage to the glassy layer called the cornea, which covers the surface of the eye, called ‘corneal burn’. 6-12 hours after exposure to sunlight, severe pain, stinging and watering develop in the eye. If treatment is delayed, it can lead to permanent vision loss.

2 – A study showed that corneal burn most often occurs between 08.00-10.00 in the morning and 14.00-16.00 in the afternoon. Corneal burn can be treated with medication and advanced surgery in mild cases.

3 – Cataract. Natural lenses located behind the iris tissue, the colored part of the eye, are also negatively affected by the sun’s Rays. Cataract is a disease that occurs as a result of the natural lens in the eye losing its transparency and becoming opaque.

4 – Although cataract, which is the most important cause of treatable vision loss, develops more in old age, it can also occur in people at a young age under the influence of intense sunlight.

5 – According to studies, cataracts are 3.5 times more common in people exposed to sunlight for a long time. After the cataract is formed, the only treatment option is surgery. After surgery, the opaque lens is removed and replaced with an artificial lens.

6 – Macular degeneration. ‘Macular degeneration’, also known as age-related yellow spot disease, is another important problem caused by the sun’s Rays in the eyes. The center of vision of the eye, the macula, that is, the area of the yellow spot, is affected by harmful UV rays.

7 – If you look directly at the sun unprotected, especially in solar eclipses, the damage caused by ultraviolet rays to the macula, which allows us to see sharply, can lead to irreversible vision loss that cannot be cured.

8 – Pterygium (flesh walking on the surface of the eye). The conjunctiva membrane, which surrounds the white part of the eye surface, is able to degenerate under the influence of UV rays and thicken and grow towards the cornea, the outer lens of the eye.

9 – This table is called ‘pterygium’, as it is known in society, ‘flesh growth on the surface of the eye’. It can cause high astigmatism with redness, pain, stinging and permanent crushing defect in its advanced stages.

10 – In various studies, it has been found that this disease is seen 4-10 times more in areas where the sun is abundant than in other regions.

11 – Although drops used for redness at an early stage are sufficient, it may be necessary to resort to surgery when it is late. Operations can achieve very successful results.

12 – Eyelid cancers. Like other parts of our skin, our eyelids can be badly affected by the harmful rays of the sun. The sun’s rays can lead to hard, irregularly shaped and growing masses or malignant moles (malignant melanoma) on the eyelid.

13 – In cancer that develops on the lid, the only treatment is surgical removal of the mass. Because the valve tissue is a limited area, it can leave severe valve deformities after surgery when it is late.

14 – Eye allergy, medical name allergic conjunctivitis, is manifested by burning, stinging, itching, watering and redness in the eyes. Eye allergy can also be limited to mild complaints, it can also reach violence that can significantly disrupt the quality of life and lead to vision loss.

15 – In summer, avoiding factors such as pollen, dust and sunbeams that cause eye allergies and taking protective measures greatly alleviate complaints. In addition, solution and drip treatments are also useful for relieving symptoms.

16 – How do we protect our eyes from the sun? Poor quality glasses cause the eyes to be exposed to harmful ultraviolet rays more than usual. So use quality sunglasses with a certificate. Your glasses should completely cover the eye area, fit perfectly on your face.

17 – The Turkey sun’s harmful rays reach the Earth when the air is cloudy, and they also reflect from the shadows. Also use your sunglasses in cloudy weather and shaded environments.

18 – Use sunscreen creams suitable for eyelids. Don’t forget to wear a visor hat.

19 – In addition to the Rays coming directly to the eye, Rays are reflected from the sea and pool water. Be sure to use swimmer’s glasses in the sea and pool.

20 – Be careful to protect your eyes from the sun in Turkey when driving. Although Turkish vehicle windows largely prevent the passage of UVB rays, they cannot prevent UVA rays.


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President of Organ Transplant Center at MedicalPark Hospital Antalya

Turkey's world-renowned organ transplant specialist. Dr. Demirbaş has 104 international publications and 102 national publications.

Physician's Resume:

Born on August 7, 1963 in Çorum, Prof. Dr. Alper Demirbaş has been continuing his work as the President of MedicalPark Antalya Hospital Organ Transplantation Center since 2008.

Prof. who performed the first tissue incompatible kidney transplant in Turkey, the first blood type incompatible kidney transplant, the first kidney-pancreas transplant program and the first cadaveric donor and live donor liver transplant in Antalya. Dr. As of August 2016, Alper Demirbaş has performed 4900 kidney transplants, 500 liver transplants and 95 pancreas transplants.

In addition to being the chairman of 6 national congresses, he has also been an invited speaker at 12 international and 65 national scientific congresses. Dr. Alper Demirbaş was married and the father of 1 girl and 1 boy.


Eczacibasi Medical Award of 2002, Akdeniz University Service Award of 2005, Izder Medical Man of the Year Award of 2006, BÖHAK Medical Man of the Year Award of 2007, Sabah Mediterranean Newspaper Scientist of the Year Award of 2007, ANTIKAD Scientist of the Year Award of 2009, Social Ethics Association Award of 2010, Işık University Medical Man of the Year Award of 2015, VTV Antalya's Brand Value Award of 2015.


Doctor of Medicine Degree Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine Ankara, General Surgeon Ministry of Health Turkey EKFMG (0-477-343-8), University of Miami School of Medicine Member of Multiple Organ Transplant, ASTS Multiorgan Transplant Scholarship. Lecturer at Kyoto University. Lecturer at University of Essen, Research assistant at the University of Cambridge .

Professional Members:

American Society of Transplant Surgeons, American Transplantation Society Nominated, Middle East and Southern Africa Council Transplantation Society 2007, International Liver Transplantation Association, Turkish Transplantation Association, Turkish Society of Surgery, Turkish Hepatobiliary Surgery Association.


Our website contents consist of articles approved by our Web and Medical Editorial Board with the contributions of our physicians. Our contents are prepared only for informational purposes for public benefit. Be sure to consult your doctor for diagnosis and treatment.
Medically Reviewed by Professor Doctor Alper Demirbaş
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