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Do you complain of a runny nose and stuffiness? Does the feeling of fullness and pain in your face develop often? Are your problems sometimes accompanied by a headache or sore throat, cough, or loss of smell? If your answer is ‘yes’, the cause of these complaints may be sinusitis, which is commonly seen in the winter season! So, how to protect against sinusitis? What mistakes provoke sinusitis? Here are simple but effective solution suggestions.

Sinusitis, an infectious disease characterized by inflammation of the mucosa lining the sinuses, is a disease that can significantly reduce the quality of life. If the treatment is delayed, the sinus infection spreads and as a result, many serious conditions can develop, from loss of vision to inflammation of the facial bones and from chronic pharyngitis to meningitis. If treated at an early stage, it is possible to eliminate complaints without the need for surgery in Turkey by preventing the disease from becoming chronic.

Sinusitis is most common in the winter season. This is due to the fact that viral infections are knocking on our doors more often this season. Turkey Medicals hospital member and department Ear, Nose, And Throat Doctor, noting that sinusitis is most often caused by viral infections such as the flu, said, ”Inflammation occurs in the nasal mucosa and the mucosa lining the sinuses due to a viral infection. For this reason, the ventilation of the sinuses is disrupted, and besides viruses, bacteria can also be included in the sinusitis table, leading to secondary infection. These patients may complain of facial pain, yellow nasal discharge, and runny nose. It is important to strictly follow the methods of protection from upper respiratory tract infections in the winter, and if the disease has occurred, be treated without wasting time,” he says. Prof. Dr. explained the precautions you should take against sinusitis from the winter months.

The mucous membranes of the nose and sinuses produce mucus that protects the respiratory system. In addition, there are cilia in the nose and sinuses that sweep airborne particles, bacteria, and secretions into the nose. Ear, Nose, And Throat Dr. warning that smoking is prone to infection by damaging the mucous membranes and cilia structures in the nose, said, “When the function of the cilia is disrupted, mucus accumulates in the sinuses. Sinusitis also occurs when viruses multiply in these mucus. For this reason, you should not smoke and you should also avoid exposure to cigarette smoke as much as possible,” he says.

Sinusitis can also develop against the background of allergies. Due to allergies, edema forms on the nasal mucosa and sinus mouths, at the same time mucus secretion increases. As a result, the drainage of the sinuses is disrupted, and with increased mucus, an environment is formed in which viruses and bacteria can multiply.

For complaints such as sneezing, watery eyes, and coughing; you need to contact your doctor to detect allergic agents. Then you need to be protected from allergic factors, which are determined together with the allergy test.

If there are foods that you have an allergic reaction to, exclude them from your daily diet.

Reduce materials such as plush toys, long-haired carpets and blankets, books and objects that can hold dust in your home and bedroom when possible, and remove existing ones in closed cabinets.

Use an effective vacuum cleaner or air purifier to remove household dust.

In addition, take regular dust, clean the floors and wash the bedspreads frequently.

To protect yourself from sinusitis that may develop as a result of a cold, maintain your body temperature by dressing in accordance with seasonal conditions.

It will be useful to use berets, scarves and gloves in cold weather to maintain your body temperature.

Do not forget to take care of your personal hygiene, wash your hands often, as the most common cause of sinusitis are viruses and bacteria.

Personal hygiene will prevent disease-causing germs from infecting your body and spreading to the environment.

For proper hand cleaning, wash your hands with soap and water under running water for at least 20 seconds.

Be sure to dry your hands after cleaning and use paper towels instead of towels if possible in public areas.

We spend more time indoors and stay close to each other during the winter season. As a result, the risks of respiratory transmission of viruses spread by coughing and sneezing are increasing. In addition, viruses that cause infection in closed spaces that are not frequently ventilated spread more easily. The flu vaccine plays an important role in protecting against viral infections. Do not forget to get vaccinated against influenza and Covid-19 to reduce the risk of sinusitis developing against the background of a viral infection.

A strong immune system has an extremely important role in protecting against sinusitis that develops due to an upper respiratory tract infection. One of the most important measures you need to take to strengthen your immune system is sleep patterns and quality.

– The ideal daily sleep time for adults is 7-9 hours.

– It is that the most productive hours of sleep are from 23.00 to 03.00.

– In order to maintain sleep patterns, it is necessary to go to bed and get up at the same time every day.

– You should not consume caffeinated drinks before bedtime, do not overeat.

– If you want to eat and drink something, you can drink warm milk or consume yogurt because of its relaxing effect.

– You should lie on the bed in comfortable clothes and make sure that the room is dark.

– Regular exercise during the day will also help to get quality sleep.


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President of Organ Transplant Center at MedicalPark Hospital Antalya

Turkey's world-renowned organ transplant specialist. Dr. Demirbaş has 104 international publications and 102 national publications.

Physician's Resume:

Born on August 7, 1963 in Çorum, Prof. Dr. Alper Demirbaş has been continuing his work as the President of MedicalPark Antalya Hospital Organ Transplantation Center since 2008.

Prof. who performed the first tissue incompatible kidney transplant in Turkey, the first blood type incompatible kidney transplant, the first kidney-pancreas transplant program and the first cadaveric donor and live donor liver transplant in Antalya. Dr. As of August 2016, Alper Demirbaş has performed 4900 kidney transplants, 500 liver transplants and 95 pancreas transplants.

In addition to being the chairman of 6 national congresses, he has also been an invited speaker at 12 international and 65 national scientific congresses. Dr. Alper Demirbaş was married and the father of 1 girl and 1 boy.


Eczacibasi Medical Award of 2002, Akdeniz University Service Award of 2005, Izder Medical Man of the Year Award of 2006, BÖHAK Medical Man of the Year Award of 2007, Sabah Mediterranean Newspaper Scientist of the Year Award of 2007, ANTIKAD Scientist of the Year Award of 2009, Social Ethics Association Award of 2010, Işık University Medical Man of the Year Award of 2015, VTV Antalya's Brand Value Award of 2015.


Doctor of Medicine Degree Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine Ankara, General Surgeon Ministry of Health Turkey EKFMG (0-477-343-8), University of Miami School of Medicine Member of Multiple Organ Transplant, ASTS Multiorgan Transplant Scholarship. Lecturer at Kyoto University. Lecturer at University of Essen, Research assistant at the University of Cambridge .

Professional Members:

American Society of Transplant Surgeons, American Transplantation Society Nominated, Middle East and Southern Africa Council Transplantation Society 2007, International Liver Transplantation Association, Turkish Transplantation Association, Turkish Society of Surgery, Turkish Hepatobiliary Surgery Association.


Our website contents consist of articles approved by our Web and Medical Editorial Board with the contributions of our physicians. Our contents are prepared only for informational purposes for public benefit. Be sure to consult your doctor for diagnosis and treatment.
Medically Reviewed by Professor Doctor Alper Demirbaş
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