Reading time is 5 mins


Turkish businesses, factories, hotels, government institutions may want to hire foreign workers for various reasons. As in any country, the employment of foreign workers in our country can be carried out in accordance with the rules and conditions established by the legislation.

In order to apply the proper procedure for foreign employees in such a way as not to require criminal action, both legal permits obtained, insurance, tax issues such as carefully examined.

Which Businesses In Turkey Can Employ Foreign Workers? Are there any restrictions on the number of foreign workers? How does all this work on process and time?

1. Number Of Employees/Non-citizen Limit

In order to employ foreign workers, the number of Turkish employees of firms is important. Since the priority is the employment of Turkish citizens within the borders of the Republic of Turkey, firms can employ foreigners up to 1 in 5 of the number of Turkish employees. A company that wants to hire a foreign worker must employ at least 5 Turkish citizens. Companies that will receive more than one foreign worker should pay attention to the ratio of 1 in 5.

2. Equity Limit Of Firm

In addition to the limit on the number of people, conditions have also been determined over the capital to which firms are subject. The paid-in capital of a firm that wants to hire foreign workers must be at least US $ 100,000, and the gross sales amount must be US $ 800,000.

In order for a foreign employee to work as a company partner, the company’s stock must be at least 20% and its value must not be less than $ 40,000.

3. Foreign Employees In Terms Of Occupations

Although the employer provides these conditions, it cannot employ foreign workers in every profession. Some professions can only be performed by Turkish citizens. Occupations where foreigners cannot work,

Persons working as a dentist, pharmacist, veterinarian, nurse and responsible director in private hospitals must be Turkish citizens.

Lawyers, notaries, security guards, Customs Brokers and tourist guidance in the work of foreigners are also prohibited by the relevant laws.

It is mandatory for Turkish citizens to work in professions such as diving, captaincy, crew, as well as the extraction of seafood such as fish, mussels within the territorial waters of our country.

Employers must also act in accordance with the legal framework for determining wages, regardless of which profession they employ foreign workers in. The wages of foreign employees should not be below the minimum limit set by the Ministry of Labor. Click here to examine the fees issue in detail.

4. How To Obtain A Foreigner Work Permit (Blue ID Card) in Turkey?

Foreigners who will start working in a workplace in Turkey can only start working by obtaining a work permit. It is a crime to employ foreigners who do not have a work permit. Regardless of whether he has been sent to our country from a company in another country on a temporary duty or resides in Turkey, he must work by obtaining a work permit if he is not a Turkish citizen or is not in an exceptional context within the framework of another law and legislation.

Foreigners who are excluded from international agreements with those covered by the Turkish citizenship law can work without a work permit.

The issue of international labour movement is an issue that requires detailed expertise, and the rules of both countries on insurance, tax and legal issues should be evaluated together. Click here for details of the training to be held on 15-16 November 2018.

5. International Labor Force Circulation

All work permits and work permit exemptions are issued by the Ministry of Labour and Social Security. In order to obtain a work permit in Turkey, applications must be made through the company to be started. Permissions are granted to work in the relevant company, they cannot work in another workplace with the same permission.

Applications to be made from within the country are made directly to the Ministry of Labor and Social Security, and applications to be made from abroad are made to consulates and embassies.

A work permit or work permit exemption also replaces a residence permit. For this reason, someone with a work permit also does not need to obtain a residence permit.

A foreigner who has been granted a work permit in accordance with an application made from abroad must come to Turkey within 6 months from the date of the beginning of the validity of a work permit. During this period, the work permit of the foreigner who does not come to the country is cancelled.

A foreign worker’s work permit will also expire when the employment contract with the company that received the permit is terminated (regardless of who made the termination).

Foreigners with a work permit can view the Turkish Ministry of Family, Labor and Social Security user guide.

6. Cap Obligation

With the new regulations,” registered e-mail ” has been made mandatory in the work permit process. Application for any work permit;

The applicant and A foreign person requesting an independent or indefinite work permit.

It is mandatory to have a cap account. Applications are made by electronic signature.

Insurance Status Of Foreigners.

The insurance status of foreigners who have obtained and started working in Turkey should be examined separately. At the point of insurance, it is necessary to examine foreign employees in two separate categories.

Foreigners who started working in a company in Turkey.

Foreigners sent to our country from abroad on temporary duty.

Foreigners who start working in a company in Turkey are reported to insurance as normal employees. Business entry declarations are issued on the e-insurance screen with the foreign identification number. As insurance coverage, they are no different from normal working Turkish citizens.

7. Aliens Arriving On Temporary Duty (Expat-Inpat)

For people who have been sent to Turkey from another country on a temporary mission and then will return to their country, the situation changes. At this point, whether there is a social security agreement arranged between the country sent and our country, it should be examined first. If there is a contract, the foreign employee remains covered by the insurance of the country in which he was sent until the specified period of time in the contract. With the notification of this situation to the insurance in Turkey, he also gets the right to use the services as if he were insured here. If the period specified in the agreement is exceeded, it is necessary to start insurance in Turkey.

For insured persons sent to Turkey from a country that does not have a social security agreement between Turkey and Turkey, insurance must be initiated in Turkey for periods exceeding 3 months in assignments longer than 3 months.


Follow me
President of Organ Transplant Center at MedicalPark Hospital Antalya

Turkey's world-renowned organ transplant specialist. Dr. Demirbaş has 104 international publications and 102 national publications.

Physician's Resume:

Born on August 7, 1963 in Çorum, Prof. Dr. Alper Demirbaş has been continuing his work as the President of MedicalPark Antalya Hospital Organ Transplantation Center since 2008.

Prof. who performed the first tissue incompatible kidney transplant in Turkey, the first blood type incompatible kidney transplant, the first kidney-pancreas transplant program and the first cadaveric donor and live donor liver transplant in Antalya. Dr. As of August 2016, Alper Demirbaş has performed 4900 kidney transplants, 500 liver transplants and 95 pancreas transplants.

In addition to being the chairman of 6 national congresses, he has also been an invited speaker at 12 international and 65 national scientific congresses. Dr. Alper Demirbaş was married and the father of 1 girl and 1 boy.


Eczacibasi Medical Award of 2002, Akdeniz University Service Award of 2005, Izder Medical Man of the Year Award of 2006, BÖHAK Medical Man of the Year Award of 2007, Sabah Mediterranean Newspaper Scientist of the Year Award of 2007, ANTIKAD Scientist of the Year Award of 2009, Social Ethics Association Award of 2010, Işık University Medical Man of the Year Award of 2015, VTV Antalya's Brand Value Award of 2015.


Doctor of Medicine Degree Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine Ankara, General Surgeon Ministry of Health Turkey EKFMG (0-477-343-8), University of Miami School of Medicine Member of Multiple Organ Transplant, ASTS Multiorgan Transplant Scholarship. Lecturer at Kyoto University. Lecturer at University of Essen, Research assistant at the University of Cambridge .

Professional Members:

American Society of Transplant Surgeons, American Transplantation Society Nominated, Middle East and Southern Africa Council Transplantation Society 2007, International Liver Transplantation Association, Turkish Transplantation Association, Turkish Society of Surgery, Turkish Hepatobiliary Surgery Association.


Our website contents consist of articles approved by our Web and Medical Editorial Board with the contributions of our physicians. Our contents are prepared only for informational purposes for public benefit. Be sure to consult your doctor for diagnosis and treatment.
Medically Reviewed by Professor Doctor Alper Demirbaş
Follow me
Latest posts by Medically Reviewed by Professor Doctor Alper Demirbaş (see all)