Reading time is 6 mins


From unhealthy diet in Turkey to smoking Turkish tobacco, inactivity to excessive stress, disrupted sleep patterns to overweight… These and similar habits in our daily lives increase the risk of heart attack, which ranks first among the causes of death. However, it is possible to prevent a heart attack to a large extent. 

Turkey Medicals hospital member and 25 year experienced, our Cardiologist Associate Doctor. gave information about the 10 precautions that can be taken, stating that we have a great deal of protecting the heart and preventing a heart attack with some simple, but effective lifestyle changes…


Excess weight is in the first place among the factors that the basis for cardiovascular diseases and heart attacks. Unfortunately, in our society, there is an increase in the number of people who have overweight problems every day due to situations such as unbalanced nutrition, sedentary and stressful life. Having a body mass index above 30 is defined as obesity, and having a body mass index above 40 is also defined as morbid (fatal) obesity.

The basis of the fight against obesity is regular exercise and balanced nutrition in Mediterranean sea coast, also world famous Turkish Riviera. We should make it a habit to take regular walks, eat little. A Turkish dietician’s recommendation can be taken initially for eating habits. Despite this, there are also medical treatments that have been recently used in patients who cannot lose weight, but are very successful in the short term. That is why the doctor’s in Turkey recommendations can also be taken.

Obesity surgery should also be considered if the doctor deems it necessary in patients who still cannot lose weight despite exercise, diet and medical treatment. But surgical treatment should never be considered as a solution; it should be remembered that patients who cannot change their eating habits gain weight again after surgery.


Check your waist circumference. To prevent a heart attack, the belly circumference is as important as the body mass index, which shows the ideal weight of our body. The circumference of the navel is parallel to the lubrication of internal organs. The type of lubrication varies according to gender.

Men usually gain weight around the navel, known as the apple type, and women gain weight around the base, known as the pear type. The ideal waist circumference is 102 cm for men and 90 cm for women; if it is above this size, it increases the risk. Try to get below these levels by measuring your belly circumference regularly.


Eat Mediterranean-style. Mediterranean-style nutrition is one of the main keys to protection from cardiovascular diseases. Instead of eating meat-heavy, fatty, fried foods, switch to Mediterranean-style nutrition with vegetables, fruits, fish, dried legumes and greens prepared with olive oil in your decision.

Olive oil reduces arteriosclerosis with its antioxidant effect, has a cholesterol-lowering effect, since it is unsaturated fat, but it is necessary to avoid its excessive consumption. In nutrition; high nutritional value, fiber structure, omega 3 content, low carbohydrate foods should be preferred.


Keep your blood pressure under control. The pressure inside the vessel is defined as blood pressure. The higher the blood pressure, the greater the trauma to the inner surface of the vessel. That’s why blood pressure, that is, blood pressure, must necessarily be kept within normal limits. Definition of hypertension refers to values above 130/80 mmhg. The thing to remember here is that both large and small blood pressure should be within normal limits.

Even a high value is enough for the definition of hypertension. Although it varies from person to person, there is usually a need for medical treatment with values above 135/85 mmhg. Lifestyle changes are also very effective in controlling blood pressure.

A salt-free diet, regular exercise, weight control can be as effective as medical treatment in controlling blood pressure, especially in young patients. Because hypertension usually does not cause clinical complaints, although there are no complaints, blood pressure measurement should definitely be done 1 time per month, in cases above 130/80 mmhg, a Turkish doctor’s examination should be done.


Get support if necessary to quit smoking. Numerous scientific studies have shown that smoking is one of the biggest enemies of the heart. Smoking causes damage to the inner surface of the vessel (endothelium), as well as reduces the fluidity of the blood, that is, increases blood clotting. In a disrupted endothelium, the risk of clogging the vessel becomes much greater with an increase in clotting.

Smoking also contributes to endothelial damage by both raising blood pressure and causing shrinkage in the vessels. Arteriosclerosis in patients who smoke is much more common, leg vascular blockages also occur almost exclusively in patients who smoke. It is also necessary to remember the place of smoking in the physiopathology of cancer. Unfortunately, smoking is one of the causes of all cancers that occur in the body.


Diabetes mellitus is one of the most common causes of cardiovascular blockages. Excess sugar in the blood accumulates on the inner surface of the vessel, causing vascular stiffness. The incidence of diabetes mellitus is increasing every day due to adverse conditions such as unbalanced diet, obesity, sedentary and stressful life, and unfortunately it is observed at an earlier age.

Unfortunately, many people in our country actually live their lives at great risk without even realizing that they have diabetes. Because diabetes is also insidious, such as hypertension, there may be no complaints in the early stages of the disease. This, in turn, leads to delays in diagnosis. For this reason, it is necessary to check the doctor in antalya Turkey at certain periods and the diagnosis and treatment of the disease should be provided without causing end organ damage. The most effective way to prevent diabetes is to get a balanced diet and exercise habits.


Cholesterol is a substance that can be produced in the body or taken with food from the outside, and it is necessary for the body. For example, cholesterol is used in the synthesis of many hormones. But the excess of cholesterol is the main reason that accumulates on the vessel wall, initiating the formation of arteriosclerosis. That’s why the phrase “little or most harm” is an appropriate definition of cholesterol.

As is known, there are 2 types of cholesterol. LDL cholesterol, known as bad, and HDL cholesterol, known as good. It is LDL cholesterol that causes arteriosclerosis. Its normal value is below 130 mg/dl. The need for drug treatment of cholesterol varies depending on the risk factors of cardiovascular disease and the level of cholesterol in the blood of the patient. In other words, cholesterol medication treatments are individual treatments. Aggressive drug therapy can be given according to the patient’s vascular structure or risk factors, as well as non-drug follow-up can be performed.


Avoiding fast food products, packaged convenience foods provides important support in preventing a heart attack. Excessive consumption of these products with high animal fat ratios and calories, additives and high salt content to extend shelf life makes it inevitable that diseases such as obesity, hypertension, cholesterol, diabetes will also increase.

Fast food style nutrition; cardiovascular health as well as diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, such as cancer, causes the formation of many diseases. Alcohol use also leads to obesity and diabetes disease due to the sugar contained in it. Alcohol can also increase the body’s fluid load, causing worsening of heart failure and palpitations.


Exercise regularly. Make it a habit to exercise for 45-60 minutes daily. Exercising helps to control blood pressure, reduce diabetes and cholesterol levels, and protect against cardiovascular diseases by contributing to reaching the ideal weight. Aerobic exercises such as brisk walking, slow-paced running, cycling or swimming should be preferred every day.

During the exercises, the pulse should rise, slight sweating should be provided, and not in the form of a shopping trip. The fact that we can talk comfortably with the person we are walking with during the walk means that our pace is insufficient. In the sense of preventive medicine, walking for an hour daily can be much more useful than the prescription that your Turkish cardiology heart doctor will give you.


Do not avoid going to the doctor at hospital in Turkey. A large part of patients who have had a heart attack do not identify any significant complaints before the crisis. In addition, chronic diseases may not give clinical signs before the development of end organ damage. Therefore, annual checks are absolutely necessary, especially for people who are in the risk group. During menopause, these checks are of much greater importance in men over 40, smokers, and diabetics.


Follow me
President of Organ Transplant Center at MedicalPark Hospital Antalya

Turkey's world-renowned organ transplant specialist. Dr. Demirbaş has 104 international publications and 102 national publications.

Physician's Resume:

Born on August 7, 1963 in Çorum, Prof. Dr. Alper Demirbaş has been continuing his work as the President of MedicalPark Antalya Hospital Organ Transplantation Center since 2008.

Prof. who performed the first tissue incompatible kidney transplant in Turkey, the first blood type incompatible kidney transplant, the first kidney-pancreas transplant program and the first cadaveric donor and live donor liver transplant in Antalya. Dr. As of August 2016, Alper Demirbaş has performed 4900 kidney transplants, 500 liver transplants and 95 pancreas transplants.

In addition to being the chairman of 6 national congresses, he has also been an invited speaker at 12 international and 65 national scientific congresses. Dr. Alper Demirbaş was married and the father of 1 girl and 1 boy.


Eczacibasi Medical Award of 2002, Akdeniz University Service Award of 2005, Izder Medical Man of the Year Award of 2006, BÖHAK Medical Man of the Year Award of 2007, Sabah Mediterranean Newspaper Scientist of the Year Award of 2007, ANTIKAD Scientist of the Year Award of 2009, Social Ethics Association Award of 2010, Işık University Medical Man of the Year Award of 2015, VTV Antalya's Brand Value Award of 2015.


Doctor of Medicine Degree Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine Ankara, General Surgeon Ministry of Health Turkey EKFMG (0-477-343-8), University of Miami School of Medicine Member of Multiple Organ Transplant, ASTS Multiorgan Transplant Scholarship. Lecturer at Kyoto University. Lecturer at University of Essen, Research assistant at the University of Cambridge .

Professional Members:

American Society of Transplant Surgeons, American Transplantation Society Nominated, Middle East and Southern Africa Council Transplantation Society 2007, International Liver Transplantation Association, Turkish Transplantation Association, Turkish Society of Surgery, Turkish Hepatobiliary Surgery Association.


Our website contents consist of articles approved by our Web and Medical Editorial Board with the contributions of our physicians. Our contents are prepared only for informational purposes for public benefit. Be sure to consult your doctor for diagnosis and treatment.
Medically Reviewed by Professor Doctor Alper Demirbaş
Follow me