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Although the sun has significant benefits on our health, harmful UV rays that are more intense and perpendicular to the earth in the summer threaten our eyes as well as our skin. Turkey iHealth member and JCI Istanbul hospital, clinic Ophthalmologist Prof. Dr. described the erroneous habits that threaten our eyes in the summer.

In recent years, due to climate changes and the thinning of the ozone layer, the effect of solar radiation, and especially ultraviolet (UV) rays, has been increasing. For this reason, prolonged exposure to sunlight can cause eye cataracts, yellow spot disease (macular degeneration), pterygium, popularly called bird’s wing or walking meat in the eye, redness, burning, stinging and watering in the eyes. In addition, it can lead to staining, wrinkles and skin cancer on the skin around the eyes. An important role is played by the mistakes that we all make frequently in the damages caused by the sun in our eyes.

Ophthalmologist Prof. Dr. warning that we should never go out without sunglasses, especially in summer, between 10.00-16.00, when ultraviolet rays are most intense and perpendicular to the earth, “If you have to go outside, be sure to use sunglasses. Because if we do not protect our eyes from the sun, the problems caused by ultraviolet rays can lead to irreversible vision loss,” he listed the mistakes made:

Not using sunglasses

The truth is: One of the erroneous habits made in the summer is to be outside without sunglasses between 10.00 and 16.00, when the sun’s rays come decisively to the earth. Ophthalmologist Prof. Dr. he warns that if you need to stay in the sun for a long time, you should never neglect protection from such harmful effects of UV rays with sunglasses and a hat.

Entering the pool and the sea with contact lenses

The truth is: getting into the pool and the sea with contact lenses increases the risk of infection. In addition, chemicals used to disinfect pool waters can both disrupt the structure of the contact lens and cause allergic reactions in the eye. If you must use contact lenses, you must wear swimming goggles on them. This will prevent the eye from coming into contact with water. In addition, it is useful to prefer lenses that are used daily and discarded against the risk of infection.

Rubbing the eyes

The truth is: a dry, hot, dusty and pollinated environment in summer can lead to redness and itching in the eyes. It is a common occurrence for sand to escape into the eyes of adults and children on the beach, playground and sandboxes. ”In this case, the eyes should not itch as much as possible, they should not be rubbed and washed with plenty of water,” warns Prof. Dr. “In addition, frequent removal of the hands to the eyes also increases the risk of infection. In order for the picture not to get more serious, an ophthalmologist should definitely be examined in the presence of an infection,”he said.

There is a danger of permanent vision loss Incorrect habits that threaten the eyes in the summer

Cooling off in front of the air conditioner

The truth is: Never go in front of the air conditioner to cool down in the hot summer against dry eyes. In order not to be affected by eye dryness in environments where air conditioners are located, the blowing direction of the air conditioner should not be towards your face. Ophthalmologist Prof. Dr. stating that artificial tear support is required if there are problems with tear function,”It will be comforting for patients with dry eyes to use artificial tear drops, especially on long-term flights. It is useful for individuals working in front of computers in air-conditioned offices to work by taking between breaks. In addition, air conditioning fans should not be turned directly to the face in vehicles,” he said.

Using glasses that do not have UV blocking properties

The truth is: When we think of sunglasses, we first think of ‘dark’ glasses. Normally, in sunny, bright and illuminated environments, our pupils become smaller, which is harmful to the eye and prevents excess light from entering. But if the rays come through a dark glass, our pupils don’t get smaller enough. In a sense, the eye’s defense mechanism is disabled. If the UV-blocking effect of the glasses used in this case is not enough, the rays that are harmful to our eyes cause more damage to our eyes. ”Therefore, dark-colored glasses that do not have UV-blocking properties are harmful to the eye,” warned Eye Disease Specialist Prof. Dr. he continued his words as follows:

“There is a difference between anti-glare protection and UV protection is the protective property of glasses depends not on the color and darkness of the glass, but on the quality of the glass and the presence of a UV filter. Glasses glasses should block UV rays up to 400 nm. That is, glasses with a UV400 label should be preferred. Also, the frame of the glasses should fit snugly to the face. Preference should be given to glasses with large glasses, as small glasses do not completely close the eye area, they allow the sun’s rays to enter from the edges.”

Not protecting the eyes in cloudy weather

The truth is: We usually think that sunglasses should only be used in sunny weather. But ultraviolet rays are effective at the same rate in open and sunny weather, as well as in closed and cloudy weather. For this reason, it is very important to use sunglasses in cloudy weather, especially if you are in the risk group in terms of protecting your eyes.

Looking directly at the sun

The truth is: As a result of looking directly at the sun, macular (yellow dot) damage can occur in a very short time. This condition can also lead to vision loss. Never forget to wear protective glasses, especially when watching a solar eclipse, avoid looking directly at the sun.