WHAT IS PERIODONTOLOGY?

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WHAT IS PERIODONTOLOGY?

Periodontology is a branch of Turkish science that deals with the health of the tissues surrounding the teeth. The tissues surrounding the teeth consist of both hard and soft tissues. The tooth surface and bone form hard tissues, while the gums form soft tissue. Periodontal health, which means the health of the supporting tissues and gums surrounding the teeth, is an important part of oral and dental health, and oral and dental health is an integral part of overall body health.

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WHAT ARE GINGIVAL DISEASES, HOW TO UNDERSTAND THEIR SYMPTOMS?

Gum diseases cover a wide area, from simple gingivitis (gingivitis) to severe infections (periodontitis), in which the jawbones melt and the teeth are lost by shaking. Along with diseases, the gums swell, Redden, bleed, pull out, the length of the teeth increases, bad breath occurs, the teeth move, they open up (diastema), and eventually the teeth go into attraction. Gingival bleeding, one of the most important symptoms of gum disease and easily noticeable by the patient, occurs when brushing teeth, eating hard foods, or spontaneously.

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WHAT IS THE APPEARANCE OF MICROBIAL DENTAL PLAQUE?

Microbial dental plaque is a biofilm layer consisting of light yellow, soft, sticky, difficult to remove, colonized bacteria. Gum disease occurs as a result of chemicals released by bacteria in plaque damage the gums and bone under the gum. Dental plaque can be easily removed from the surface of the tooth by using a toothbrush and dental floss. If Dental plaque is not removed from the surface of the tooth, a tooth Stone is formed. A tooth stone (yellow or brownish in color) is a hardened state of plaque on the surface of the tooth through minerals in saliva if it is not cleaned. Bacteria that cause gum disease multiply more easily and quickly on tooth stones, facilitating and accelerating the course of the disease.

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HOW ARE GUM DISEASES DIAGNOSED IN ANTALYA TURKEY?

Gum disease, which is usually chronic, may not go unnoticed for a while, although it exists. If the gums bleed and grow, if there are tartar, if the gums are pulled out and the teeth are elongated (root surfaces are opened), if the teeth are displaced and open between them, if other teeth are shaking (mobility), if there is a bad smell in the mouth, a metallic taste sensation, you should go to the best price gum disease specialist in Antalya hospitals (periodontologist).

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OTHER CAUSES OF GUM DISEASE?

The most important factor in gum disease is microbial dental plaque, but some environmental, systemic, inherited factors are risk factors for the development of the disease. Smoking, stress, hormonal changes, drug use, teeth clenching and grinding, diabetes-diabetes, poor nutrition, poorly made crowns and fillings, etc.are the causes of gum disease.

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WHAT ARE GINGIVITIS AND PERIODONTITIS?

Gum disease begins when bacterial plaque forms inflammation in your gums. Gingivitis is called gingivitis. At the Gingivitis stage, there is inflammation in your gums, but the inflammation has not yet passed to the bone that supports the tooth. At this stage, the gum tissue can be returned to its former health structure by cleaning the toothstone and curettage ( flattening the root surface). But if left untreated, it turns into periodontitis, which is the next stage. In periodontitis, inflammation has passed from the gum to the periodontal ligament and tooth support bone. The healthy gum groove depth of 0-3 mm between the tooth and the gum deepens with inflammation and turns into the periodontal pocket. Periodontal pocket facilitates the progression of gum disease. If gum disease is not treated at this stage, you may lose your teeth. Advanced periodontal surgery (flap operation) is required in the presence of deep periodontal pockets (3-4 mm<).

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WHAT IS FLAP OPERATION?

In cases where bone destruction progresses, it is applied to directly interfere with the bone under the gum tissue and eliminate the formed pockets. During this process, gum tissue is removed, pockets are eliminated, toothstones and asylum granulation tissues on the root surface are removed, and bone irregularities are removed if necessary.

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WHAT IS ACHIEVED AFTER PERIODONTAL TREATMENT?

After treatment, the teeth are clean, the gums are light pink, hard consistency and bleeding-free. If advanced bone destruction has occurred due to the disease, the length of the teeth may grow after the operation. But the tissues that support the teeth are healthy. But it should be known that the success of periodontal surgery depends on many factors. There are some causes that reduce the success of Periodontal surgery. Examples of these; smoking (5 per day< ), excessive alcohol consumption, diabetes, blood pressure (drugs) , some mental disorders, blood disorders, immune system (autoimmune diseases) disorders, steroid use, radiotherapy-chemotherapy patients can be given. In each patient, the healing capacity of bones and gums is different. In addition, after the operation, careful care that will be applied to the operation area, brushing your teeth, cleaning the interface (using a dental-interface brush) is critical for the success of the treatment.

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WHAT IS THE DURATION OF TREATMENT?

The severity of the disease varies from 3 weeks to 6 months. After treatment, it is necessary to regularly check with the doctor at intervals of 3-6 months.
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President of Organ Transplant Center at MedicalPark Hospital Antalya

Turkey's world-renowned organ transplant specialist. Dr. Demirbaş has 104 international publications and 102 national publications.

Physician's Resume:

Born on August 7, 1963 in Çorum, Prof. Dr. Alper Demirbaş has been continuing his work as the President of MedicalPark Antalya Hospital Organ Transplantation Center since 2008.

Prof. who performed the first tissue incompatible kidney transplant in Turkey, the first blood type incompatible kidney transplant, the first kidney-pancreas transplant program and the first cadaveric donor and live donor liver transplant in Antalya. Dr. As of August 2016, Alper Demirbaş has performed 4900 kidney transplants, 500 liver transplants and 95 pancreas transplants.

In addition to being the chairman of 6 national congresses, he has also been an invited speaker at 12 international and 65 national scientific congresses. Dr. Alper Demirbaş was married and the father of 1 girl and 1 boy.

Awards:

Eczacibasi Medical Award of 2002, Akdeniz University Service Award of 2005, Izder Medical Man of the Year Award of 2006, BÖHAK Medical Man of the Year Award of 2007, Sabah Mediterranean Newspaper Scientist of the Year Award of 2007, ANTIKAD Scientist of the Year Award of 2009, Social Ethics Association Award of 2010, Işık University Medical Man of the Year Award of 2015, VTV Antalya's Brand Value Award of 2015.

Certificates:

Doctor of Medicine Degree Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine Ankara, General Surgeon Ministry of Health Turkey EKFMG (0-477-343-8), University of Miami School of Medicine Member of Multiple Organ Transplant, ASTS Multiorgan Transplant Scholarship. Lecturer at Kyoto University. Lecturer at University of Essen, Research assistant at the University of Cambridge .

Professional Members:

American Society of Transplant Surgeons, American Transplantation Society Nominated, Middle East and Southern Africa Council Transplantation Society 2007, International Liver Transplantation Association, Turkish Transplantation Association, Turkish Society of Surgery, Turkish Hepatobiliary Surgery Association.

Disclaimer:

Our website contents consist of articles approved by our Web and Medical Editorial Board with the contributions of our physicians. Our contents are prepared only for informational purposes for public benefit. Be sure to consult your doctor for diagnosis and treatment.
Medically Reviewed by Professor Doctor Alper Demirbaş
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