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Nasal congestion, which increases to 25 percent in winter, can sometimes be a harbinger of important health problems. An Otolaryngologist in Turkey who provides information on the topic is Associate Doctor says that instead of working out temporary solutions to nasal congestion, a Turkish specialist in hospital should be consulted… So, here are 6 reasons that can cause nasal congestion.

Nasal congestion is a fairly common problem, especially in winter. The proportion of people who have difficulty breathing through the nose rises to 25 percent. In addition to reducing the quality of life when nasal congestion becomes chronic, it can create many important problems, from olfactory and taste disorders to sleep problems, from frequent throat infections to poor sound quality.

Turkey Medicals member and JCI hospital head of clinic department Associate Professor of Otolaryngology Doctor, “Therefore, it is very inconvenient to create temporary solutions when the nose is blocked and continue to live with a blocked nose,” says warning that nasal congestion can also be a harbinger of an important disease. Associate Doctor in Antalya explained the 6 factors that cause nasal congestion and gave important warnings.

Curvature of the nasal septum (deviation of the septum)

Nasal congestion in adults is most often caused by curvatures in the cartilage and bone structures that make up the nasal compartment. These curvatures, which are mostly caused by previous nasal traumas, can be corrected surgically if they cause breathing problems. Interventions for the middle compartment of the nose do not change the shape of the nose.

Nasal flesh (Concha hypertrophy)

There are structures called concha in the nose. These structures are in the form of fingerlike protrusions that expand the surface area of the inside of the nose. When we breathe, they heat /cool and humidify the air passing through the nose according to the degree of heat. These structures, which are rich in blood vessels, sometimes grow and sometimes shrink due to various factors. Otolaryngologist Assoc. Dr. “In such cases, called concha hypertrophy, if there is no response to drug treatment, it may be possible to reduce the nasal flesh by burning with radiofrequency,” says, pointing out that when allergic and inflammatory diseases occur, the concha can grow large enough to cause nasal congestion.


In upper respiratory tract infections, such as colds, which are often caused by viruses, the mucous membranes lining the inside of the nose swell and fluid secretions increase. As a result, the nose becomes stuffy. After such simple viral infections, secondary bacterial infections also become easier to develop in the nose and sinuses. Often the occurrence of dark yellow-green runny nose indicates sinusitis.

Turkish Otolaryngologist Associate Doctor stressing that makes sinusitis nasal congestion and runny nose infections should be treated with antibiotics, said: “a sinus infection becomes chronic sinus infections that do not respond to drug therapy if they can be treated with endoscopic sinus surgery is possible. In some patients, structures called polyps also develop from the sinuses.”

Drug treatments and surgery are the preferred methods of eliminating nasal congestion in cases of polyps in the nose.

Allergic rhinitis

An allergy is a condition that develops as a result of our immune system reacting to various foreign substances, such as pollen, house dust mites, animal hair, and some nutrients. One of the important organs that causes allergies is the nose. Otolaryngologist stated that problems such as nasal congestion, consecutive sneezes and runny nose occur as a result of an allergic reaction, “Allergies can develop seasonally if they are caused by pollen, or if they occur for Dec reason such as house dust, they can continue all year round. The first method of treatment for allergic rhinitis is to stay away from the cause of the allergy. If this is not possible, patient’s complaints can be largely resolved with medication treatments,” he says.


If there are no causes such as infection and trauma, nasal blockages that have not happened before and have developed later, especially unilateral or accompanied by nosebleeds, can be a harbinger of a tumor. In such nasal blockages, it is necessary to undergo an ear, nose and throat examination without wasting time. Imaging methods determine the characteristics and boundaries of tumors. After a final diagnosis is made by the biopsy, a permanent treatment is planned.

Nasal flesh

The most common cause of nasal congestion in children is nasal flesh growths. Depending on the growth of the nasal flesh, problems such as nasal congestion, snoring, and restless sleep at night may occur. There may be periods of waking up without breathing, called apnea. There is a deterioration in the development of facial bones, infections of the upper respiratory tract and middle ear can often occur. When such problems occur, surgical removal of the nasal flesh provides a significant improvement in the quality of life of children.


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President of Organ Transplant Center at MedicalPark Hospital Antalya

Turkey's world-renowned organ transplant specialist. Dr. Demirbaş has 104 international publications and 102 national publications.

Physician's Resume:

Born on August 7, 1963 in Çorum, Prof. Dr. Alper Demirbaş has been continuing his work as the President of MedicalPark Antalya Hospital Organ Transplantation Center since 2008.

Prof. who performed the first tissue incompatible kidney transplant in Turkey, the first blood type incompatible kidney transplant, the first kidney-pancreas transplant program and the first cadaveric donor and live donor liver transplant in Antalya. Dr. As of August 2016, Alper Demirbaş has performed 4900 kidney transplants, 500 liver transplants and 95 pancreas transplants.

In addition to being the chairman of 6 national congresses, he has also been an invited speaker at 12 international and 65 national scientific congresses. Dr. Alper Demirbaş was married and the father of 1 girl and 1 boy.


Eczacibasi Medical Award of 2002, Akdeniz University Service Award of 2005, Izder Medical Man of the Year Award of 2006, BÖHAK Medical Man of the Year Award of 2007, Sabah Mediterranean Newspaper Scientist of the Year Award of 2007, ANTIKAD Scientist of the Year Award of 2009, Social Ethics Association Award of 2010, Işık University Medical Man of the Year Award of 2015, VTV Antalya's Brand Value Award of 2015.


Doctor of Medicine Degree Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine Ankara, General Surgeon Ministry of Health Turkey EKFMG (0-477-343-8), University of Miami School of Medicine Member of Multiple Organ Transplant, ASTS Multiorgan Transplant Scholarship. Lecturer at Kyoto University. Lecturer at University of Essen, Research assistant at the University of Cambridge .

Professional Members:

American Society of Transplant Surgeons, American Transplantation Society Nominated, Middle East and Southern Africa Council Transplantation Society 2007, International Liver Transplantation Association, Turkish Transplantation Association, Turkish Society of Surgery, Turkish Hepatobiliary Surgery Association.


Our website contents consist of articles approved by our Web and Medical Editorial Board with the contributions of our physicians. Our contents are prepared only for informational purposes for public benefit. Be sure to consult your doctor for diagnosis and treatment.
Medically Reviewed by Professor Doctor Alper Demirbaş
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