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The date of 19 May 1919 is one of the turning points in the history of the Republic of Turkey. May 19, which is celebrated as a holiday every year, is also known as Youth Day. May 19, which coincides with the weekday, is included in the 2021 public holiday calendar. Banks and government agencies will be closed after the curfew will be celebrated on May 19.

It is not yet clear whether there will be a curfew on May 19, the day of Commemoration, Youth and Sports Day, but it coincides with Wednesday. May 19, the date on which Atatürk set foot in Samsun, is also celebrated as “youth and Sports Day”. Atatürk saw that those who would lead the Turkish nation forward during the national struggle and those who would oppose outdated ideas were young ideas. This date, which is celebrated every year as a holiday, is also known as Youth Day.


19 May commemoration of Atatürk, youth and Sports Day coincides with Wednesday in 2021. May 19 is a public holiday.


No official curfew has been announced yet, but a curfew is expected to be imposed on May 19 this year, as it was last year.

DATE MAY 19, 1919

The date of 19 May 1919 is one of the turning points in the history of the Republic of Turkey. May 19, the date on which Atatürk set foot in Samsun, is also celebrated as “youth and Sports Day”. Atatürk saw that those who would lead the Turkish nation forward during the national struggle and those who would oppose outdated ideas were young ideas. For this reason, the concept of” youth ” is of particular importance to Atatürk. Ataturk often mentioned young people, youth as an idea outside the age limit, that is, innovation in the idea. His saying is very meaningful: “young-minded means true-minded, who sees and understands the truth.”

May 19 May, which Atatürk gave to youth and is celebrated as “youth and Sports Day”, we must once again remember Atatürk’s journey from Istanbul to Samsun between May 16-19, 1919.

One of the important events in the history of the Republic of Turkey is Atatürk’s footfall in Samsun. A great leader, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, appeared in search of salvation remedies in the deteriorating conditions after the first World War, and opened the way to “liberation” by setting foot in Samsun. Therefore, Atatürk’s journey from Istanbul, 16-19 May 1919, symbolizes a period of liberation. The importance of setting foot in Samsun can be seen from the fact that Atatürk started the Great Speech with his exit to Samsun on May 19, 1919, so let’s try to briefly describe this journey.

Samsun was one of the important points for the occupation forces. It was of great strategic importance and was the most comfortable and reliable gateway from the Black Sea to Central Anatolia. On March 9, 1919, the British launched a military unit in Samsun. In response, a lieutenant named Hamdi from the Turkish machine gun unit took his soldiers to the mountain and drew attention to this region, and after the complaints of the British High Commissioner that the Turkish people were armed, it was decided to send a reliable commander to this region with extraordinary powers. This commander was Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, and Ataturk has long been upset by this desperate situation in which the country is located, and he wanted to move to madolu to do something. This is a great opportunity for him. Atatürk describes the conversation between Atatürk and Sultan Vahdettin before the journey from Istanbul to Samsun:

– Pasha, Pasha!… You’ve served the state a lot so far! All of this has now entered this book! Forget about it, he said, the service you will do now may be more important than all of them… Pasha, Pasha… you can save the state! …

I was stunned by those words. I wonder if Vahdettin speaks to me sincerely… Did he regret all that he had done? Did he find out he was being cheated on? But I considered it creepy to engage in other issues with such a comment, I responded to myself:

– Thank you for your trust in personality and for giving me so much face … please trust that I will not spare my best service…”

Atatürk felt that his plans might have been sensed in this speech, but there was a “Turkish nation” waiting for him and trusting him.

Friday May 16, 1919 with Atatürk will start the journey, except for the captain of the ship Ismail Hakkı Durusu 18 people would be accompanied. The names of these 18 people were as follows: III. The commander of the Corps, colonel Refet Bey (Bele General), Chief of staff of the Inspectorate General Staff Colonel Kazim Bey manastirli (general DIRIK), Inspectorate, Minister of Health, doctor, Colonel Ibrahim Tali Bey (ENVISIONING), deputy chief of Staff Colonel Kurbay Mehmet Arif Bey (AYIÇI), Headquarters Erkan-ı Harbiye siyasiyat intelligence and director of the branch, staff commander Husrev-Bey (gerede), the Inspectorate, the artillery commander, the artillery commander Refik Bey(transparent), the inspectorate basyaver captain Jawad Abbas (GÜRER), Staff Captain Mumtaz Mulhak (TÜNAY), Captain Mulhak staff Ismail Hakki (EDE), Lieutenant Ali Şevket (ÖNDERSEV), Commander of the headquarters Captain Mustafa Vasfi (SÜSOY), Chief of Staff Officer and Chief of the Inspector Pen Lieutenant Arif Hikmet (realist), Iaşe Officer Lieutenant Abdullah (KUNT), Second Deputy Inspector Lieutenant Muzaffer (sword), password clerk, First Class clerk Faik (AYBARS), Assistant password clerk, fourth class clerk Memduh (ATASEV).

Friday Galata May 16, 1919 on the afternoon with the people with Atatürk “Bandırma” on an old steamer named the port of Galata departs. On Saturday May 17, 1919, the Bandırma Steamer arrives at Inebolu at 21.40 hours. 18mayis 1919 is the end of the expected journey on Monday. Passengers are taken to the central pier by boats from a place called The Galleon Cape. Ismail Yurtsever, the owner of one of these boats, says that he did not know Atatürk at that time, he says that he saw Atatürk in the boat and in Samsun with a broad-collared Legion hood and a Kalpak on his head.

Atatürk was a soldier on duty during the journey starting from Istanbul and ending in Samsun, and his clothing was appropriate, but a few days after he set foot in Samsun, he would act as a civilian, not a soldier.

Atatürk’s appearance in Samsun was not very bright. There were British occupation forces in the city. Pontusians roamed the streets. The people were unable to protect themselves. Atatürk always thought about these problems during his stay in the Khintka Palace, which was turned into a museum today, and the sleepless nights he spent on the journey did not end; now the sleepless nights began here. But in him and those who think like him, this perseverance was not quite insurmountable.

In short, this journey was a turning point for the Turkish nation and was the beginning of liberation. Due to the importance of May 19, 1919, when he stepped on Anatolian soil in Samsun to start the national struggle, he also gave May 19 to the Turkish youth. As we mentioned at the beginning of our article, the concept of youth describes innovation in ideas in a general sense.

Ataturk “Young People!Young people who are committed to fulfilling my future ambitions!I am very happy and happy that one day I will leave this hometown to a youth who understand me like you,” he also described his confidence in the Turkish youth.

Atatürk’s words should be a guide for all of us: “to see me is not necessarily to see my face. If you understand and feel my ideas and my feelings, that’s enough.” It is possible to understand Atatürk by knowing his experiences and ideas. Therefore, we should always take into account the difficulties experienced in the establishment of the Republic of Turkey and celebrate May 19 by always taking care of Atatürk’s trust.


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President of Organ Transplant Center at MedicalPark Hospital Antalya

Turkey's world-renowned organ transplant specialist. Dr. Demirbaş has 104 international publications and 102 national publications.

Physician's Resume:

Born on August 7, 1963 in Çorum, Prof. Dr. Alper Demirbaş has been continuing his work as the President of MedicalPark Antalya Hospital Organ Transplantation Center since 2008.

Prof. who performed the first tissue incompatible kidney transplant in Turkey, the first blood type incompatible kidney transplant, the first kidney-pancreas transplant program and the first cadaveric donor and live donor liver transplant in Antalya. Dr. As of August 2016, Alper Demirbaş has performed 4900 kidney transplants, 500 liver transplants and 95 pancreas transplants.

In addition to being the chairman of 6 national congresses, he has also been an invited speaker at 12 international and 65 national scientific congresses. Dr. Alper Demirbaş was married and the father of 1 girl and 1 boy.


Eczacibasi Medical Award of 2002, Akdeniz University Service Award of 2005, Izder Medical Man of the Year Award of 2006, BÖHAK Medical Man of the Year Award of 2007, Sabah Mediterranean Newspaper Scientist of the Year Award of 2007, ANTIKAD Scientist of the Year Award of 2009, Social Ethics Association Award of 2010, Işık University Medical Man of the Year Award of 2015, VTV Antalya's Brand Value Award of 2015.


Doctor of Medicine Degree Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine Ankara, General Surgeon Ministry of Health Turkey EKFMG (0-477-343-8), University of Miami School of Medicine Member of Multiple Organ Transplant, ASTS Multiorgan Transplant Scholarship. Lecturer at Kyoto University. Lecturer at University of Essen, Research assistant at the University of Cambridge .

Professional Members:

American Society of Transplant Surgeons, American Transplantation Society Nominated, Middle East and Southern Africa Council Transplantation Society 2007, International Liver Transplantation Association, Turkish Transplantation Association, Turkish Society of Surgery, Turkish Hepatobiliary Surgery Association.


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