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Turkey Medicals member and hospital Expert Dietitian shares more with us… Magnesium: keeps us energetic and mobile when there is enough.

In healthy individuals, magnesium in the body is regulated by adjusting the absorption of magnesium from the intestine and its excretion in the urine through the kidneys. This regulatory mechanism may be disrupted in some unsanitary situations. For example, the long-term psychological and physical stress (such as in sports or intense heavy physical work), some drug use (diuretics, birth control pills and frenleyici stomach acid) increases magnesium excretion through urine and sweat and some diseases. Magnesium deficiency can also be caused by poor absorption of magnesium in the intestines, as a complication of Crohn’s disease. Magnesium deficiency can lead to electrolyte balance disorders and cause heart rhythm disturbances and other cardiovascular problems.

Magnesium intake has decreased significantly in recent years. The reason may be the consumption of more refined nutrients on the one hand. Refined foods suffer from the loss of essential minerals due to the process they undergo. Excessive consumption of meat and other phosphorus-rich foods and drinks is a disadvantage for the magnesium balance. On the other hand, the soil has been poor in magnesium. As a result, lower magnesium levels were found in plant foods. The reason why the soil is poor in magnesium is due to the fact that the artificial fertilizers used do not contain magnesium.


Green leafy vegetables, nuts, peanuts, whole grains, brewer’s yeast and wheat germ. Greenery is a natural product that is produced by the body of plants. Some mineral-rich waters can also be a good source of magnesium.


Magnesium plays a fundamental role for muscle function and energy metabolism. Magnesium stabilizes the sensitivity to nerve and muscle impulses, therefore it has a calming and regulating effect both on the mental and physical level. Magnesium deficiency impairs mobility and reduces physical performance. This was recently demonstrated in a large cross-sectional study comparing muscle performance with blood magnesium levels in postmenopausal women. It is muscle that both strength and duration have a positive relationship with the blood magnesium level. Magnesium depletion is associated with an increased risk of inflammation, changes in muscle cells caused by oxidative stress, decreased intracellular calcium homeostasis. All these factors negatively affect muscle mass and mobility. Magnesium deficiency can lead to complaints such as cramps, sleep and concentration disorders, agitation, fatigue and exhaustion over time.


After intense sports, athletes are faced with a state of hypomagnesemia. Physical activity allows magnesium to be redistributed (from bone to blood) in order to meet metabolic needs in the body. We not only spend magnesium on physical activity, but also have a loss with sweat and urine. Thus, our need for magnesium increases by 10%-20%. Low intake of magnesium with these two factors can adversely affect energy metabolism and electrolyte balance, as a result of which muscle functions and performance decrease during intense sports. Long-term overly intense training or a short and very intense workout can strengthen these negative factors. Magnesium supplementation can improve athletic performance in athletes with a possible magnesium deficiency and help prevent possible oxidative damage and cardiac arrhythmias.


The recommended daily amount of magnesium in adult women also applies to the period of gestation. Nevertheless, different scientific reports indicate that it is recommended that pregnant women and nursing mothers supplement their daily diet with essential vitamins and minerals from the extra, as it is beneficial.

Chronic magnesium deficiency is associated with many pregnancy complications. The occurrence of early pains in the second 3 months of pregnancy was observed in people with a low serum concentration of magnesium present. Calcium-magnesium-phosphorus supplementation should be considered in these people. Other problems that we often encounter in pregnant women with low magnesium levels are pregnancy blood pressure, edema, and preeclampsia. Postnatal depression is often reported in these people after childbirth. Developmental disorders in the fetus, on the other hand, are associated with magnesium deficiency.

Another very common complaint in pregnant women is calf cramps. In a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled study (86 women), the effect of magnesium chelate was investigated on leg cramps. After four weeks, the frequency and intensity of cramps decreased by 50%. This difference between the control group and the research group showed that magnesium supplementation be an alternative treatment for complaints related to the period of pregnancy. The maximum safe daily dose is 250 mg, and it is recommended not to exceed it. Otherwise, some magnesium salts that are taken at a high rate can cause diarrhea in Turkey.


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President of Organ Transplant Center at MedicalPark Hospital Antalya

Turkey's world-renowned organ transplant specialist. Dr. Demirbaş has 104 international publications and 102 national publications.

Physician's Resume:

Born on August 7, 1963 in Çorum, Prof. Dr. Alper Demirbaş has been continuing his work as the President of MedicalPark Antalya Hospital Organ Transplantation Center since 2008.

Prof. who performed the first tissue incompatible kidney transplant in Turkey, the first blood type incompatible kidney transplant, the first kidney-pancreas transplant program and the first cadaveric donor and live donor liver transplant in Antalya. Dr. As of August 2016, Alper Demirbaş has performed 4900 kidney transplants, 500 liver transplants and 95 pancreas transplants.

In addition to being the chairman of 6 national congresses, he has also been an invited speaker at 12 international and 65 national scientific congresses. Dr. Alper Demirbaş was married and the father of 1 girl and 1 boy.


Eczacibasi Medical Award of 2002, Akdeniz University Service Award of 2005, Izder Medical Man of the Year Award of 2006, BÖHAK Medical Man of the Year Award of 2007, Sabah Mediterranean Newspaper Scientist of the Year Award of 2007, ANTIKAD Scientist of the Year Award of 2009, Social Ethics Association Award of 2010, Işık University Medical Man of the Year Award of 2015, VTV Antalya's Brand Value Award of 2015.


Doctor of Medicine Degree Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine Ankara, General Surgeon Ministry of Health Turkey EKFMG (0-477-343-8), University of Miami School of Medicine Member of Multiple Organ Transplant, ASTS Multiorgan Transplant Scholarship. Lecturer at Kyoto University. Lecturer at University of Essen, Research assistant at the University of Cambridge .

Professional Members:

American Society of Transplant Surgeons, American Transplantation Society Nominated, Middle East and Southern Africa Council Transplantation Society 2007, International Liver Transplantation Association, Turkish Transplantation Association, Turkish Society of Surgery, Turkish Hepatobiliary Surgery Association.


Our website contents consist of articles approved by our Web and Medical Editorial Board with the contributions of our physicians. Our contents are prepared only for informational purposes for public benefit. Be sure to consult your doctor for diagnosis and treatment.
Medically Reviewed by Professor Doctor Alper Demirbaş
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