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Infertility as it is popularly known, has become a problem experienced by many couples. Age and gene factor are quite important for infertility, which can be observed in both women and men. So, what is infertility (Infertility), how is it diagnosed? Here is information about the symptoms, causes and treatment of infertility in Turkey.

Infertility does not actually mean infertility exactly. Infertility is the absence of the possibility of having a child spontaneously or with any medical methods and technologies. However, infertility refers to a condition in which it is possible to have children using medical methods and technologies.

What is infertility?

Infertility is defined as the inability to achieve an active pregnancy after having regular sexual intercourse without protection and contraception for a year.

What are the symptoms of infertility?

The main symptom of infertility is the inability to get pregnant. There may be no other obvious symptoms. Sometimes women with infertility may have irregular or no menstrual periods at all. In some cases, men with infertility may have some signs of hormonal problems, such as changes in hair growth or sexual function.

How is infertility diagnosed?

After the obstetricians and urologists have examined the men and women physically, some tests are performed. These tests include special tests such as hormone testing, genetic testing, testicular biopsy, in men. In women, on the other hand, it requires examinations such as blood tests, measurement of hormone levels, imaging of the uterus with hysterosonography, ovarian reserve test and pelvic ultrasound to assess the quality of the egg.

What are the causes of infertility?

Turkey Medicals member and Mugla hospital Obstetrics, Gynecology and In Vitro Fertilization Specialist Op. Dr. explains the causes of infertility as follows;

When couples admitted to an infertility clinic are examined, 40% female-related causes, 40% male-related causes, and 20% female- and male-related causes make up the unexplained infertility group with unexplained infertility in 20%.

Causes that depend on the woman:

– Problems with ovulation; PCO (polycystic ovary syndrome),hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism (lack of production in the body of hormones that control the mechanism of ovulation).

– Tubal factors; Past surgeries that disrupt the integrity of the tubes(ectopic pregnancy, myomectomy, ovarian cyst surgeries, other intra-abdominal surgeries such as appendectomy).

– Structural disorders of the uterus; Septum,subseptum,uterus didelphys(double uterus) and the endometrium of the uterus, such as congenital deformities, as may be subsequently(the lining of the uterus where the embryo settled layer) disrupts the integrity of interventions such as surgery and abortion. Some fibroids and intrauterine polyps, depending on their location and size.

– Genetic problems; Genetic disorders affecting the number and structure of chromosomes, such as Turner syndrome, inversion, trans location, can adversely affect embryo development.

– Systemic diseases; Thyroid disorders,diabetes,kidney diseases,anemia.

– Endometriosis.

– Environmental factors, chemicals or radiation exposure that may impair egg quality.

– Chemotherapy for therapeutic purposes, radiotherapy.

– Disorders of sexual function, vaginismus.

– Decreased ovarian reserve.

Male-related causes:

– Undescended testicle.

– Mumps infection that has been passed on during or after puberty.

– Past testicular operations, trauma or infections (orchitis).

– Varicocele; may cause an increase in heat, disrupting sperm count and motility.

– Chemotherapy for therapeutic purposes, radiotherapy.

– Blockages that prevent the outflow of sperm, systemic diseases (cystic fibrosis, diabetes, retrograde ejaculation).

– Environmental factors; air pollution, smoking, alcohol use, chemicals or prolonged exposure to excessive heat.

– Genetic factors; genetic disorders affecting the number and structure of chromosomes, such as Kleinfelter syndrome, inversion, trans location.

– Erection problems, retrograde ejaculation.

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President of Organ Transplant Center at MedicalPark Hospital Antalya

Turkey's world-renowned organ transplant specialist. Dr. Demirbaş has 104 international publications and 102 national publications.

Physician's Resume:

Born on August 7, 1963 in Çorum, Prof. Dr. Alper Demirbaş has been continuing his work as the President of MedicalPark Antalya Hospital Organ Transplantation Center since 2008.

Prof. who performed the first tissue incompatible kidney transplant in Turkey, the first blood type incompatible kidney transplant, the first kidney-pancreas transplant program and the first cadaveric donor and live donor liver transplant in Antalya. Dr. As of August 2016, Alper Demirbaş has performed 4900 kidney transplants, 500 liver transplants and 95 pancreas transplants.

In addition to being the chairman of 6 national congresses, he has also been an invited speaker at 12 international and 65 national scientific congresses. Dr. Alper Demirbaş was married and the father of 1 girl and 1 boy.


Eczacibasi Medical Award of 2002, Akdeniz University Service Award of 2005, Izder Medical Man of the Year Award of 2006, BÖHAK Medical Man of the Year Award of 2007, Sabah Mediterranean Newspaper Scientist of the Year Award of 2007, ANTIKAD Scientist of the Year Award of 2009, Social Ethics Association Award of 2010, Işık University Medical Man of the Year Award of 2015, VTV Antalya's Brand Value Award of 2015.


Doctor of Medicine Degree Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine Ankara, General Surgeon Ministry of Health Turkey EKFMG (0-477-343-8), University of Miami School of Medicine Member of Multiple Organ Transplant, ASTS Multiorgan Transplant Scholarship. Lecturer at Kyoto University. Lecturer at University of Essen, Research assistant at the University of Cambridge .

Professional Members:

American Society of Transplant Surgeons, American Transplantation Society Nominated, Middle East and Southern Africa Council Transplantation Society 2007, International Liver Transplantation Association, Turkish Transplantation Association, Turkish Society of Surgery, Turkish Hepatobiliary Surgery Association.


Our website contents consist of articles approved by our Web and Medical Editorial Board with the contributions of our physicians. Our contents are prepared only for informational purposes for public benefit. Be sure to consult your doctor for diagnosis and treatment.
Medically Reviewed by Professor Doctor Alper Demirbaş
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