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According to the worldwide classification, there are 300 types of headaches, Professor Doctor ”Therefore, it is not easy to diagnose a patient with this problem,” she said, noting the most common and problematic headaches.

Almost everyone suffers from headaches at certain periods of their life. These pains are sometimes mild, but sometimes they can be severe. ”For an accurate diagnosis, it is necessary to listen well to the patient’s complaints,” said iHealth member and JCI Bursa hospital department Neurologist Prof. Dr. he listed the most common types of headaches as follows.

Cluster headache

Cluster headache is a type of pain that is very severe, often wakes a person up from sleep, forces them to say ‘the most severe pain of my life’, and we see more in men. It mostly follows the transitions of the seasons, coming in clusters in autumn and spring, weeks can continue for months. It is named after the cluster headache because it comes in clusters. The headache is so severe that when you ask the patient about the degree of severity, he gives a score of 10 out of 10. The exact cause is unknown, but it is believed that abnormalities in the hypothalamus, where our biological clock is located in our body, play a role. Unlike migraine pain, it is not affected by nutrients, hormonal changes.

However, drinking alcohol can trigger a headache when the cluster attack period begins. Smoking is another trigger, but although it triggers, quitting smoking does not affect pain attacks. The presence of cluster headaches in your family can also increase the risk. Such people often show perfectionist, restless, angry, narcissistic traits. Treatment for this headache differs from other headaches, breathing 100 percent oxygen during an attack allows the attack to pass. Although pure oxygen inhalation is considered a first-line treatment, unfortunately, it can be skipped in emergency conditions, attacks can be confused with migraines, and patients may receive inadequate treatment.


Migraine can be genetic, as well as related to nervous system problems. Compared to men, women have a three-fold greater risk of developing migraines. It is an intense pain that strikes deep in the head. This pain, which can last for days, can significantly restrict your ability to maintain a daily routine. Migraine is a throbbing pain and is usually one-sided. People with migraines are often sensitive to sound and light. Nausea and vomiting may also occur. In order for treatment to be started correctly, a detailed assessment of the patient’s current hormonal status is needed.

Hypertension headache

Hypertension headache is actually a picture that occurs more often than we think, but can be easily missed. Hypertension, which is not currently manifested by a significant complaint, is unfortunately common in society. As a doctor, our recommendation is to check your blood pressure regularly December frequent intervals after the age of 40. Because it does not give complaints unless it reaches very high levels, and it can also be skipped when patients only have headaches. Hypertension headache usually comes to our attention when your blood pressure is 20 percent above 140/90 or suddenly drops.

A person may not feel a lot of complaints until his blood pressure is 140/90. But when it suddenly rises above this value by 20 percent, he feels a headache. Blood pressure for brain health actually varies with age. the target value we expect under the age of 70 is 120/80, while over the age of 70 we tolerate 130/85, and if it is 140/90 and above, we start taking blood pressure medication, but lowering blood pressure too quickly is not a healthy approach for the brain.

Trigeminal neuralgia

Trigeminal neuralgia is the most severe of the pains, popularly known as “maddening pain” and Deciphered as a feeling of lightning strikes, and is more likely to occur in people over 50 years of age. Neuralgia means that the nerve itself feels pain, but it is much different and more severe than other pains, because nerves are the structures that take sensation and sensations to the brain. Trigeminal neuralgia gets its name from the nerve that it affects. The trigeminal nerve exits the cerebral bulb and comes forward in a three-branched way, perceiving the entire sense of our face. That is why the pains of trigeminal neuralgia are also usually felt in the lower and upper jaw, above the eyes, and sometimes around the nose.

The pain lasts for seconds (in very severe patients it can reach minutes). He repeats it many times a day. It is in the form of an electric shock on one half of the face and is very severe. It is triggered when we work the trigeminal nerve, especially with activities such as talking, eating. It causes constant pain and burning sensation before turning into electric shock-like pain. It can be felt on the cheek, chin, teeth, gums, lips, or, less often, on the eyes and forehead. The pain focuses on a single point or becomes more frequent and intense over time. Trigeminal neuralgia is especially common in the elderly.

When faced with a trigeminal neuralgia patient, the first thing to do is to determine how severe the pain is. If the pain is mild, the triggering factors can be controlled. For example, sleep is rearranged, stress control and blood pressure control are performed. In addition, drug therapy be started, which will reduce pain signals to the brain. But in recent years, we have been lucky that we have much more effective treatment options. By blocking the pain nerves with a special device that is inserted through the nose and sometimes through the mouth, the patient can recover at a high rate. Nevertheless, surgical interventions may be required in difficult patients who cannot receive a response. But there is a risk of damaging the nerve.

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President of Organ Transplant Center at MedicalPark Hospital Antalya

Turkey's world-renowned organ transplant specialist. Dr. Demirbaş has 104 international publications and 102 national publications.

Physician's Resume:

Born on August 7, 1963 in Çorum, Prof. Dr. Alper Demirbaş has been continuing his work as the President of MedicalPark Antalya Hospital Organ Transplantation Center since 2008.

Prof. who performed the first tissue incompatible kidney transplant in Turkey, the first blood type incompatible kidney transplant, the first kidney-pancreas transplant program and the first cadaveric donor and live donor liver transplant in Antalya. Dr. As of August 2016, Alper Demirbaş has performed 4900 kidney transplants, 500 liver transplants and 95 pancreas transplants.

In addition to being the chairman of 6 national congresses, he has also been an invited speaker at 12 international and 65 national scientific congresses. Dr. Alper Demirbaş was married and the father of 1 girl and 1 boy.


Eczacibasi Medical Award of 2002, Akdeniz University Service Award of 2005, Izder Medical Man of the Year Award of 2006, BÖHAK Medical Man of the Year Award of 2007, Sabah Mediterranean Newspaper Scientist of the Year Award of 2007, ANTIKAD Scientist of the Year Award of 2009, Social Ethics Association Award of 2010, Işık University Medical Man of the Year Award of 2015, VTV Antalya's Brand Value Award of 2015.


Doctor of Medicine Degree Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine Ankara, General Surgeon Ministry of Health Turkey EKFMG (0-477-343-8), University of Miami School of Medicine Member of Multiple Organ Transplant, ASTS Multiorgan Transplant Scholarship. Lecturer at Kyoto University. Lecturer at University of Essen, Research assistant at the University of Cambridge .

Professional Members:

American Society of Transplant Surgeons, American Transplantation Society Nominated, Middle East and Southern Africa Council Transplantation Society 2007, International Liver Transplantation Association, Turkish Transplantation Association, Turkish Society of Surgery, Turkish Hepatobiliary Surgery Association.


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Medically Reviewed by Professor Doctor Alper Demirbaş
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