WHAT IS EYE CANCER? SYMPTOMS AND TREATMENT IN TURKEY

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DETAILS ABOUT EYE CANCER THAT OCCUR FOR REASONS
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Details about eye cancer that occur for reasons such as chemical exposure of eye tissues, high radiation contact, deterioration of healthy cells around the eyes due to ultraviolet rays, smoking and alcohol consumption, and genetic predisposition are in our news section… What are eye cancer symptoms and surgery in Turkey.

What is eye cancer, which is more common in people with colored eyes, elderly people, those with weak immune systems, patients with dysplastic Venus Syndrome, and people with excessive exposure to the sun?

Turkey iHealth explains all you need to know about eye cancer symptoms and the best treatments, and which surgeries are commonly performed in Turkey.
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WHAT IS THE HUMAN EYE CANCER?
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Eye cancer is a general term used to describe many types of tumors that can begin in various parts of the eye. It occurs when healthy cells in or around the eye change and grow uncontrollably, forming a mass called a tumor. A tumor can be benign or cancerous. A benign tumor means the tumor can grow but not spread. Ninety percent of the tumor tissues that appear in the eye develop benign, and it should be known that these tissues do not cause eye cancer.

A cancerous tumor is malignant, meaning it can grow and spread to other parts of the body. Eye cancer is rare. It can affect the outer parts of the eye, such as the eyelid, which consists of novelties, skin and nerves. If the cancer begins inside the eyeball, it is called intraocular cancer.
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WHAT ARE THE TYPES OF EYE CANCER?

  • Eye melanoma
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    The middle layer of the eye is called the uvea, and the iris in front of the eye contains the ciliary body and the choroid behind the eye. Cancer begins with the abnormality of the pigment-producing melanocyte cells in this layer and is the most common type of eye cancer in adults.
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  • Eye lymphoma.
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    It is lymphoma that begins in the eyeball, and most are non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma.
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  • Retinoblastoma.
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    It is a rare form of childhood eye cancer. It develops in the retina, the light-sensitive layer of the eye.

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WHAT ARE RARE TYPES OF EYE CANCER?

  • Squamous cell carcinoma of the eye: usually begins in the conjunctiva and eyelid.
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  • Basal cell carcinoma in the eye: it usually begins in the eyelid and is the most common type of cancer in this area.
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  • Sebaceous carcinoma of the eyelid: it is a cancer of the sebaceous (fat-producing) glands and develops most often in the upper eyelid near the eyelash line.
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    Adenoid cystic carcinoma: the most common type of cancer of the tear gland.
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  • Eye socket Sarcoma: it can start in the muscles that move the eye and mostly affects children.

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WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF EYE CANCER?

  • Blurred vision,
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  • Sudden vision loss,
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  • Moving points or lines that appear in the field of view, flashes of light,
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  • Visual field loss,
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  • A dark spot or spot that appears on the colored part of the eye,
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  • Change in the shape or size of the pupil,
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  • Shift or exit the eye from its natural position in the eye socket,
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  • Eye flushing or sensitivity to light,
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  • Rarely pain in or around the eye (for this symptom, the cancer must have spread outside the eye and the pressure inside the eye must be elevated),
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  • Drooping eyelid.

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WHAT IS EYE CANCER TREATMENT IN TURKEY?

Treatment for eye cancer is planned according to the person’s age, health status, type of cancer, stage and whether it has spread. Surgical treatment, radiotherapy method, eye radiation therapy (laser), chemotherapy, proton therapy and cryotherapy methods are preferred.

Radiation therapy is best in Turkey

It is the most common treatment for eye cancer. It can be used as the main treatment or before or after surgery. The most common types of radiation therapy are brachytherapy (internal) and external radiation. In brachytherapy, radioactive seeds attached to a circular piece of metal (plaque) are placed in the cancerous area, while external radiation is delivered to the patient from a machine. Its main side effects are red and dry skin, fatigue, difficulty swallowing, and mouth sores.

Surgical intervention is best in Turkey

Surgery is another commonly used treatment for eye cancer. Depending on the stage and size of the tumor, one of the following types of eye cancer surgery in Turkey can be performed.

  • Turkey Eye resection surgery: with the tumor, a small amount of healthy tissue is removed from the surrounding area of the tumor.
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  • Turkey Enucleation surgery: this is a surgical procedure in which the eye is removed. It can be applied in some cases of advanced eye cancer.
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  • Turkey Orbital exenteration surgery: this is an operation in which the muscle, fat and nerve tissues of the eye, eyelids, eye socket are removed.Nov. It can only be used for very aggressive or recurrent eye cancers.
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  • Turkey Mohs micrographic surgery: the tumor is removed in layers. Each layer is examined in the laboratory until the cancer cells are not seen. Mohs surgery is sometimes used to treat a tumor in the eyelid or conjunctiva.
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  • Turkey Cryosurgery surgery: uses a controlled freezing process to freeze and destroy tissue. Sometimes it can be applied to treat the tumor in Turkey inside the conjunctiva or eyelid.
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  • Turkey Laser surgery: sometimes it uses it to destroy small tumors in the eye.
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  • Turkey Plastic surgery: it is applied to correct deformities (external appearance) after operations such as normal movement of the eye and resection of the eye.

Chemotherapy is best in Turkey

It is used to treat eye lymphoma and sometimes eye melanoma.
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