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It is possible to prevent cervical cancer, which causes the death of more than 300 thousand women in the world every year. The most effective way to combat it is to get vaccinated. The vaccine is requested to be free of charge in Turkey as well as in the world. We talked with experts about the importance of the HPV vaccine.

Cervical cancer is the only type of cancer that can be prevented with a vaccine. Despite this, about 1,500 women die from this disease every year in Turkey. According to the data of the World Health Organization (WHO), the number of casualties worldwide is more than 300 thousand. As with other types of cervical cancer, early diagnosis is very important for treatment. The most effective way to prevent the disease is to get the HPV (human papillomavirus) vaccine. The vaccine, which has been administered for about 15 years, is not covered by private Turkish medical insurance in Turkey. That is why many women are unable to get vaccinated due to financial difficulties.


Member of the Board of Directors of the Turkish Society of Radiation Oncology Prof. Dr. draws attention to the importance of knowing that cervical cancer is a type of cancer that can be prevented with a vaccine. “This type of cancer can disappear if enough precautions are taken. That’s why regular screening and getting an HPV vaccine preventively are vital,” he says.

The HPV vaccine protects against some types of the virus and their disease-causing effects. Department of Gynecology and Gynecology, Turkey Medicals member and Hospital jine-oncology specialist Prof. Dr. says that the vaccine has been safely applied all over the world for about 15 years and notes that it has led to a decrease in cervical cancer and its precursor lesions.


Prof. Doctor According to information, the HPV vaccine is included in the mandatory vaccination program in many European countries. In Australia, the incidence rate dropped to 1.1 percent when girls, as well as boys in the carrier position, were enrolled in the program. In Turkey, the vaccine is not covered by insurance. The total cost of the vaccine, which should be done in three doses, exceeds 2 thousand TL, while one dose of the vaccine is about 700 TL.

There are different types of vaccines to prevent cervical cancer. Prof. Doctor explains the vaccines applied in Turkey as follows: “2 and 4 HPV vaccines are applied in Turkey. the 4-in-4 vaccine covers HPV 16 and HPV 18, which are responsible for about 70 percent of cervical cancers, as well as HPV 6 and HPV 11, which are responsible for about 90 percent of genital warts and are not associated with cancer. Although up to 90 percent protection is provided with the 4th vaccine, the 9th vaccine, which protects against all types, unfortunately, is not currently available in Turkey.”

The HPV vaccine can be administered from the age of 9. Prof. Doctor says that the Turkish Society of Gynecological Oncology recommends the introduction of the vaccine for the age range of 12-13 years.

Prof. Dr. “The ancestors emphasize the importance of making the vaccine before starting sexual intercourse. If the virus has not entered the body, the 9th vaccine can be given until the age of 45. Ancestors note that it is also important to vaccinate boys.”

Although better results can be obtained in the treatment of cervical cancer than other types of cancer, as usual, early diagnosis is of critical importance. In Turkey, Cancer Early Detection, Screening and Education Centers (KETEM), Family Health Centers (ASM), Community Health Centers (TSM) and Healthy Life Centers (SHM) are free of charge in Turkey.


Accordingly, there is a misconception that women cause this disease in Turkey, and the disease is considered to be the fault of women. Emphasizing that men are carriers, but women are more likely to get the disease, the Turkish doctor poses the following question and answers it himself: “If this virus was deadly for men, would we be so interested in getting the HPV vaccine for free today? I don’t think so, if it were, the vaccine would already be being administered.”


For some time now, events have been held in different parts of Turkey for the right to free vaccination. One of the organizations that tries to make its voice heard at these events is the Association of Children and Women First. A member of the board of directors of the association who advocates the idea that ”access to vaccination should be free and everyone should have the right to a woman and a man,” Turkish lawyer notes that the campaigns have received support from many bars and institutions, especially the Turkish Pharmacists Association, the Turkish Medical Association, and many others, she,  points out that this issue concerns not only one segment, but the entire society.


1- The cervix (neck of the uterus) cancer what is cancer?

Cervical cancer is detected in the ‘cervix’ area at the entrance of the female reproductive organ. As the cell layer forming the surface of the cervix turns into abnormal cells, cells that can be called ‘cancer precursors’ appear. The cause of both cancer and precancerous lesions is HPV. There are about 200 subtypes of this virus, 14 of them are high-risk.

2- How is it transmitted?

The virus that causes cervical cancer is usually transmitted through sexual intercourse (oral, vaginal, and anal) or by contact with other skin from one skin with HPV. The condom does not provide full protection.

3- What are the symptoms?

At an early stage, its symptoms are listed as discharge, irregular bleeding, drop-style non-menstrual bleeding, bloody discharge, bleeding after sexual contact, which can also be observed in other diseases. October addition to these symptoms, signs such as foul-smelling discharge, groin-low back pain, swelling of the legs may occur in the advanced stages.

4- What is the incidence?

According to WHO data, more than 300 thousand women die from this disease every year. Prof. Dr. defines the virus as the ‘plague of the century’, noting that new cervical cancer is detected in 3,500-4,000 women every year in Turkey and that about 1,500 women die from this disease.

5- How is the treatment process progressing?

Cervical cancer is usually noticed when regular scans are not performed, when the mass grows and begins to bleed. By that time, the treatment process begins with surgery or radiotherapy, as well as chemotherapy.


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President of Organ Transplant Center at MedicalPark Hospital Antalya

Turkey's world-renowned organ transplant specialist. Dr. Demirbaş has 104 international publications and 102 national publications.

Physician's Resume:

Born on August 7, 1963 in Çorum, Prof. Dr. Alper Demirbaş has been continuing his work as the President of MedicalPark Antalya Hospital Organ Transplantation Center since 2008.

Prof. who performed the first tissue incompatible kidney transplant in Turkey, the first blood type incompatible kidney transplant, the first kidney-pancreas transplant program and the first cadaveric donor and live donor liver transplant in Antalya. Dr. As of August 2016, Alper Demirbaş has performed 4900 kidney transplants, 500 liver transplants and 95 pancreas transplants.

In addition to being the chairman of 6 national congresses, he has also been an invited speaker at 12 international and 65 national scientific congresses. Dr. Alper Demirbaş was married and the father of 1 girl and 1 boy.


Eczacibasi Medical Award of 2002, Akdeniz University Service Award of 2005, Izder Medical Man of the Year Award of 2006, BÖHAK Medical Man of the Year Award of 2007, Sabah Mediterranean Newspaper Scientist of the Year Award of 2007, ANTIKAD Scientist of the Year Award of 2009, Social Ethics Association Award of 2010, Işık University Medical Man of the Year Award of 2015, VTV Antalya's Brand Value Award of 2015.


Doctor of Medicine Degree Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine Ankara, General Surgeon Ministry of Health Turkey EKFMG (0-477-343-8), University of Miami School of Medicine Member of Multiple Organ Transplant, ASTS Multiorgan Transplant Scholarship. Lecturer at Kyoto University. Lecturer at University of Essen, Research assistant at the University of Cambridge .

Professional Members:

American Society of Transplant Surgeons, American Transplantation Society Nominated, Middle East and Southern Africa Council Transplantation Society 2007, International Liver Transplantation Association, Turkish Transplantation Association, Turkish Society of Surgery, Turkish Hepatobiliary Surgery Association.


Our website contents consist of articles approved by our Web and Medical Editorial Board with the contributions of our physicians. Our contents are prepared only for informational purposes for public benefit. Be sure to consult your doctor for diagnosis and treatment.
Medically Reviewed by Professor Doctor Alper Demirbaş
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