The understanding of beauty in society changes every period, and a person’s desire to have a more beautiful appearance and body can sometimes deviate from its purpose. The idea that people look like people who are followed on social media and the opinion that a treatment is unnecessary may be their desire to undergo surgery or receive medical treatment despite the advice of Turkish doctors.

Turkey Medicals, we will talk about Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD) and explain the approaches of people with dysmorphophobia to aesthetics.

Due to the fact that the concept of beauty on social media contains misleading content, the understanding of perfection can cause problems that are basically hidden behind a sense of shame. If you often examine yourself in front of a mirror with the desire to be perfect, worry, and you can’t adapt to your social life as much as you used to because of this anxiety, you may be dysmorphophobic.


With the Instagram filters that are very popular today, people can make their nose straight and smooth their face free of skin blemishes and change the areas they don’t like through filters. This difference between social media and real life usually dec people to have plastic surgery. Patients can feel unhappy and bad all the time, even if an aesthetic operation is performed, they cannot get rid of same obsession. Surgical interventions, dermatological approaches or other medical treatments aimed at treating the so-called defects of patients with body dysmorphic disorders almost always end in failure.

Dysmorphophobia is the feeling of anxiety about areas of the body that people do not like, and usually after aesthetic operations are performed in these areas, their anxiety continues. Disliked areas can be checked very often, people can often change their hair, makeup, and clothes. They question what their flaws look like by resorting to other people’s ideas. There is also an increase in the number of people who apply to plastic surgeons to look like celebrities they like, even though they are not suitable for their body or face.


The cause of dysmorphophobia, which we define as ”excessive dealing with an imaginary defect related to the appearance of a person’s body,” is not fully known. But we have information about the factors that push a person to become dysmorphic. Factors such as the frequency of occurrence of depression, a family history of mood disorders and obsessive-compulsive disorders, and a positive response to drugs acting on serotonin suggest that some of these patients may have serotonergic dysfunction. These people may find their body shape repulsive and uncomfortable. Due to their current perception, they turn to plastic surgeons, dermatologists, dental clinics before psychiatric clinics.

In those who grow up in families and subcultures with exaggerated value judgments about their beauty, exaggerated attention to body appearance is also effective in the occurrence of this disease.

Almost all of those who have dysmorphophobia can also make it impossible to get out of it while trying to solve the problem with aesthetic interventions. People can see that their emotional state has not improved after surgery and undergo other other surgeries. During this period, when aesthetic operations are becoming more common, it is necessary to think carefully whether there is really a physical problem and not to make unnecessary aesthetic applications. It is of great importance that plastic surgeons be careful about this issue, refer such patients to psychotherapists in Turkey who are experts in the subject.

The implementation and results of the procedures specified in the text may vary depending on the anatomy, physiognomy and quality of life of each person. I recommend that the subject be discussed with a specialist doctor before the mentioned application.


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President of Organ Transplant Center at MedicalPark Hospital Antalya

Turkey's world-renowned organ transplant specialist. Dr. Demirbaş has 104 international publications and 102 national publications.

Physician's Resume:

Born on August 7, 1963 in Çorum, Prof. Dr. Alper Demirbaş has been continuing his work as the President of MedicalPark Antalya Hospital Organ Transplantation Center since 2008.

Prof. who performed the first tissue incompatible kidney transplant in Turkey, the first blood type incompatible kidney transplant, the first kidney-pancreas transplant program and the first cadaveric donor and live donor liver transplant in Antalya. Dr. As of August 2016, Alper Demirbaş has performed 4900 kidney transplants, 500 liver transplants and 95 pancreas transplants.

In addition to being the chairman of 6 national congresses, he has also been an invited speaker at 12 international and 65 national scientific congresses. Dr. Alper Demirbaş was married and the father of 1 girl and 1 boy.


Eczacibasi Medical Award of 2002, Akdeniz University Service Award of 2005, Izder Medical Man of the Year Award of 2006, BÖHAK Medical Man of the Year Award of 2007, Sabah Mediterranean Newspaper Scientist of the Year Award of 2007, ANTIKAD Scientist of the Year Award of 2009, Social Ethics Association Award of 2010, Işık University Medical Man of the Year Award of 2015, VTV Antalya's Brand Value Award of 2015.


Doctor of Medicine Degree Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine Ankara, General Surgeon Ministry of Health Turkey EKFMG (0-477-343-8), University of Miami School of Medicine Member of Multiple Organ Transplant, ASTS Multiorgan Transplant Scholarship. Lecturer at Kyoto University. Lecturer at University of Essen, Research assistant at the University of Cambridge .

Professional Members:

American Society of Transplant Surgeons, American Transplantation Society Nominated, Middle East and Southern Africa Council Transplantation Society 2007, International Liver Transplantation Association, Turkish Transplantation Association, Turkish Society of Surgery, Turkish Hepatobiliary Surgery Association.


Our website contents consist of articles approved by our Web and Medical Editorial Board with the contributions of our physicians. Our contents are prepared only for informational purposes for public benefit. Be sure to consult your doctor for diagnosis and treatment.
Medically Reviewed by Professor Doctor Alper Demirbaş
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