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What should be considered in non-surgical procedures in Turkey such as filling, botox? What are the risks of combined surgeries where more than one operation is performed at a time? We talk with Turkey Medicals member at medical park Hospital in Antalya department of plastic surgery, Specialist Turkish Doctor about the risk factors of aesthetic applications that are seen as a simple operation…

It is often forgotten that aesthetic operations carry the risk of a large number of complications that may occur due to an allergic reaction, improper application or other reasons. Last week, 40-year-old died in a fat removal operation after a hair transplant, an example of this. Now that it is widely used, many plastic surgeries may seem like a simple procedure to the patient, but incorrect applications have risks that can lead to death, especially undesirable consequences such as burning, deformation.

Plastic surgery specialist Doctor, “The vital risk of aesthetic surgeries is very low, problems are usually experienced related to aesthetic appearance. The mortality of even the most dangerous plastic surgery is lower than that of a simple gallbladder, hernia or appendicitis surgery. However, while losses in other surgeries are considered unlikely, it makes a sound if it results in post-aesthetic death,” he says. So what kind of operation carries what kind of risks? Prof. Dr. We have prepared a risk map of aesthetic operation…


In standard liposuction procedures, it is necessary to not exceed 4-5 liters. In general, when certain proportions are exceeded, such as 10 percent of body weight, vital risks arise, because too large a volume loss disrupts the body’s metabolic balance. When a volume of 7-8 liters is lost at a time, it becomes difficult for the body to adapt to it quickly. There may be problems with blood circulation. The most important factor determining the result in the liposuction procedure is the patient’s skin quality. A patient with loose skin and fluctuating skin may develop fluctuations and irregularities no matter what method is used. The amount of oil to be taken in such patients should be limited, and then skin tightening devices should be used. Laser or ultrasonic systems (VASER) have some positive effects on tightening the skin, but they can also have more problems such as burns. That is why it is necessary to have an operation with a plastic surgeon who is experienced in Turkish liposuction.


Hair transplants in Antalya, Turkey is a long-lasting procedure and the patient is given some sedatives throughout the procedure to avoid feeling pain. These sedatives can cause problems in prolonged procedures. If the dose of local anesthesia is kept high, cardiac problems may occur in some bodies, arrhythmias may begin. For this reason, we usually prefer short-acting local anesthetics so that the cardiac risk is low, but good anesthesia support is also needed there. After the procedure, the patient should also be under the supervision of a physician. In addition to plastic surgeons and dermatologists, doctors who are not authorized to perform this procedure, even non-physician medical personnel do this procedure. Both this situation and the health conditions are inappropriate, when a complication occurs in environments that cannot be intervened, the risks that we consider to be increasing if the operation is performed in environments that cannot be intervened.


If Botox is not done at the right dose and in the right area, repulsive images that we all know can occur. We can talk about undesirable, but temporary aesthetic complications, such as exaggerated tapered eyebrows, asymmetries, falling on the eyelid, bumping in the mouth. The use of poor materials can lead to such consequences as the absence of the effect of the procedure, rarely there is an allergic risk.


In addition to the technique, the material is significantly decisive in the success of the filling. The patient should ask the doctor about the material he will use and, of course, look at the price. In transactions that are far below market value, obviously, the cost of this is offset either by cheap materials or by personnel who do not have sufficient training. When improper filling is used, it is unlikely to be possible to clean it from the area where it was applied. Although the leakage of the filler into the vein is rarely experienced, it risks going as far as the loss of organs such as lips, nose, eyes.


A Brazilian butt Lift, Brazilian Butt Lift in Turkey, or a procedure called BBL, means narrowing the hips using liposuction, thinning the waist, and injecting the received fat into the butt to get a round, plump butt. If there is not enough adipose tissue, silicone hip replacements can also be used. Although fat injections carry a risk of embolism, their risk is very low when they are performed by experienced plastic surgeons in appropriate operating room conditions. But growing hips with synthetic, permanent fillers carries a big risk. These fillings can cause death or paralysis due to the risks of escaping into the vein and throwing an embolism. In addition, it also contains dangers such as displacement of fillings, infection, non-healing wounds, non-healing discharge in the long term.


Combined surgeries in which more than one operation is performed at a time are possible if the patient’s general health is good, but the probability of risk increases as the duration increases. If there are risk factors for the patient, such as obesity, diabetes, or advanced age, combined surgeries should be avoided. Obesity in particular is a significant risk. In fact, ideally, the operation should be performed when the patient drops to his normal weight. Patients who come to our country for medical tourism, have several surgeries at the same time and travel without getting enough rest become more open to complications.


For non-surgical procedures: Is it performed by a plastic surgeon, dermatologist, or Turkish certified medical esthetician?

If it is a surgical procedure: Does the place where the operation will take place have intensive care support that may be needed in any complication, does the doctor who will perform the operation have the experience, equipment to manage all aspects of a possible complication?

Have I been adequately informed by the doctor about the material to be used in the procedures, the treatment to be applied and the current health risks?

Have we met on common ground about what kind of expectation I have, what the doctor can do, that is, the limits of the procedure?


Turkish Professor. Doctor, he points out that the proportion of male patients in plastic surgery worldwide is increasing even though it does not exceed 10 percent: “The goal is mostly to look younger, not vigorous. There is a demand for skin tightening device applications mostly in the middle age group. Botox application to the middle of the eyebrow is in demand. Since the small jaw does not look masculine aesthetically, we make a filling to make the jaw line obvious. Especially nose surgery and gynecomastia are in demand from surgical practices in young men. Gynecomastia is the process of correcting breast growth in men. The increasing prevalence of obesity, additives in foods, and the use of hormones are increasing this type of breast growth in men.


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President of Organ Transplant Center at MedicalPark Hospital Antalya

Turkey's world-renowned organ transplant specialist. Dr. Demirbaş has 104 international publications and 102 national publications.

Physician's Resume:

Born on August 7, 1963 in Çorum, Prof. Dr. Alper Demirbaş has been continuing his work as the President of MedicalPark Antalya Hospital Organ Transplantation Center since 2008.

Prof. who performed the first tissue incompatible kidney transplant in Turkey, the first blood type incompatible kidney transplant, the first kidney-pancreas transplant program and the first cadaveric donor and live donor liver transplant in Antalya. Dr. As of August 2016, Alper Demirbaş has performed 4900 kidney transplants, 500 liver transplants and 95 pancreas transplants.

In addition to being the chairman of 6 national congresses, he has also been an invited speaker at 12 international and 65 national scientific congresses. Dr. Alper Demirbaş was married and the father of 1 girl and 1 boy.


Eczacibasi Medical Award of 2002, Akdeniz University Service Award of 2005, Izder Medical Man of the Year Award of 2006, BÖHAK Medical Man of the Year Award of 2007, Sabah Mediterranean Newspaper Scientist of the Year Award of 2007, ANTIKAD Scientist of the Year Award of 2009, Social Ethics Association Award of 2010, Işık University Medical Man of the Year Award of 2015, VTV Antalya's Brand Value Award of 2015.


Doctor of Medicine Degree Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine Ankara, General Surgeon Ministry of Health Turkey EKFMG (0-477-343-8), University of Miami School of Medicine Member of Multiple Organ Transplant, ASTS Multiorgan Transplant Scholarship. Lecturer at Kyoto University. Lecturer at University of Essen, Research assistant at the University of Cambridge .

Professional Members:

American Society of Transplant Surgeons, American Transplantation Society Nominated, Middle East and Southern Africa Council Transplantation Society 2007, International Liver Transplantation Association, Turkish Transplantation Association, Turkish Society of Surgery, Turkish Hepatobiliary Surgery Association.


Our website contents consist of articles approved by our Web and Medical Editorial Board with the contributions of our physicians. Our contents are prepared only for informational purposes for public benefit. Be sure to consult your doctor for diagnosis and treatment.
Medically Reviewed by Professor Doctor Alper Demirbaş
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